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Balochistan Blinkered slide into chaos Report of an HRCP fact-finding mission June 2011

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Balochistan Blinkered slide into chaos Report of an HRCP fact-finding mission June 2011

Post  بامسار بلوچ on Sat Jul 16, 2011 6:11 am

S.
#
Name Fatherís
name
Age Date of
disappearance
Date & location
where body was
found
Occupation
Address
1 Faizullah
Bangulzai
Arz
Muhammad
28 May 2, 2010 Jul. 5, 2010, Brewery
Road, Quetta
Social worker Kachi Baig, Sariab
Road, Quetta
2 Najeebullah
Langove
Abdul
Waheed
25 May 14,
2010
Jul. 23, 2010, Satellite
Town, Quetta
Student Killi Ismail, Hudda,
Quetta
3 Ghulam Farooq
Mengal
Ghulam
Rasool
32 May 10,
2010
Jul. 26, 2010, Qambari
Road, Quetta
Political
worker
Jail Road, Hudda,
Quetta
4 Ashfaq Ahmed
Mulazai
Khuda
Bakhsh
36 May 28,
2010
Jul. 26, 2010, Qambari
Road, Quetta
Political
worker
Jail Road, Hudda,
Quetta
5 Ghulam Qadir
Pirkani
Muhammad
Hashim
24 Jul. 6, 2010 Aug. 6, 2010, Killi Khalli,
Quetta
Student New Kahan Hazar
Ganji, Quetta
6 Unidentified - - - Jul. 30, 2010, Killi Kirani,
Quetta
- -
7 Unidentified - - - Jul. 30, 2010, Killi Khalli,
Quetta
- -
8 Bahar Khan
Bangulzai
Baig
Muhammad
33 Jun. 4, 2010 Aug. 6, 2010, Killi Khalli,
Quetta
Social worker Faizabad, Sariab,
Quetta
9 Nazeer Ahmed
Bangulzai
Abdul
Waheed
37 Jun. 29,
2010
Aug. 9, 2010, Pash
Karam, Mustang
Tailor Mastung
10 Shah Jahan
Langove
Abdul Baqi 30 Jun. 11,
2010
Aug. 13, 2010, Killi
Terkha, Quetta
Political
worker
Killi Ismail
Hudda, Quetta
11 Zohaib
Ahmed
Rodeni
Salam
Rodeni
19 Aug. 8,
2010
Aug. 14, 2010,
Ferozeabad, Khuzdar
Member
Baloch
Republican
Party (BRP)
Khund Road,
Khuzdar
12 Khan
Muhammad
Mengal
Atta
Muhammad
26 Aug. 8,
2010
Aug. 14, 2010,
Ferzoeabad, Khuzdar
Member
Balochistan
National
Party (BNP)
Khatan, Khuzdar
13 Muhammad
Husain
Baloch
Ghulam
Hussain
34 Aug. 17,
2010
Aug. 17, 2010,
Panjgur
Social
worker
Panjgur
14 Muhammad
Umer Baloch
Chakar
Khan
30 Aug. 18,
2010
Aug. 21, 2010, Killi
Qambarani, Quetta
Political
worker
Smangli Road,
Quetta
15 Arz
Muhammad
Pirkani
Abdullah
Pirkani
18 Aug. 18,
2010
Aug. 21, 2010, Killi
Qambarani, Quetta
Student Killi Pirkani
Abad, Quetta
16 Unidentified - - - Aug. 22, 2010, Sariab
Road, Quetta
- -
17 Naimatullah
Baloch
Murad
Muhammad
28 Aug. 23,
2010
Aug. 23, 2010,
Chalbar Core, Turbat
Political
worker
Mand, Turbat
18 Abdul
Rehman
Ghazi Khosa
Ghazi Khan 42 Jun. 20,
2010
Aug. 25, 2010,
Bostaan, Qilla
Abdullah
Farmer Dera Murad
Jamali
19 Tariq Baloch Mazar
Khan
Baloch
27 Aug. 22,
2010
Aug. 25, 2010,
Baghbana, Khuzdar
Social
worker
Khatan, Khuzdar
20 Tahir Baloch Saleh
Muhammad
34 Aug. 22,
2010
Aug. 25, 2010,
Koshak, Khuzdar
Farmer Koshak,
Khuzdar
21 Zaman Marri
Advocate
Mehrab
Khan
44 Aug. 18,
2010
Sep. 6, 2010, Jungle,
Mastung
Lawyer Killi Kamaloo,
Quetta
22 Asadullah
Baloch
Muhammad
Hussain
36 Aug. 5,
2010
Sep. 7, 2010, Sariab,
Quetta
Social
worker
Sariab Road,
Quetta36
S.
#
Name Fatherís
name
Age Date of
disappearance
Date & location
where body was
found
Occupation
Address
23 Unidentified - - - Sep. 7, 2010,
Mungichar, Kalat
-- -
24 Ali Ahmed
Marri
Pandhi
Khan
24 Apr. 7,
2010
Sep. 13, 2010, Kad
Kocha, Mastung
Built houses
on contract
Killi Kamaloo,
Quetta
25 Niaz Ahmed
Baloch
Shah
Nawaz
12 Sep. 22,
2010
Sep. 23, 2010 Student Awaran
26 Ali Sher Kurd
Advocate
Haji Jumma
Khan
38 Sep. 21,
2010
Sep. 24, 2010,
Chamrok, RCD Road,
Khuzdar
Lawyer Mach, Bolan
27 Faqeer
Muhammad
Ajez
Shahwani
Abdul Qadir 30 Sep. 22,
2010
Oct. 22, 2010, Ghanja
Dori, Mastung
Poet Mastung
28 Zahoor
Ahmed
Bangulzai
Haider
Bangulzai
33 Sep. 23,
2010
Oct. 22, 2010, Ghanja
Dori, Mastung
Member
Baloch
Studentsí
OrganisationAzad
(BSO-A)
Mastung
29 Majeed Zehri Haji
Muhammad
Ramzan
13 Oct. 18,
2010
Oct. 24, 2010, Rabia
Khuzdari Road,
Khuzdar
Member
BSO-A
Khuzdar
30 Asim Karim
Baloch
Muhammad
Karim
28 Oct. 30,
2010
Nov. 1, 2010,
Khanozai, Pashin
BSO-A
leader
Baysima,
Soorab, Kalat
31 Nizam Deen
Marri
Kaher Khan 26 Sep. 13,
2010
Nov. 4, 2010, Coastal
Highway, Uthal,
Lasbela
Social worker Windar, Lasbela
32 Basheer
Ahmed Lehri
Muhammad
Umer
31 Sep. 15,
2010
Nov. 17, 2010,
Jungle, Mastung
BSO-A
member
Kard-e-Gaap,
Mastung
33 Asmatullah
Sarparah
Ibrahim
Khan
23 Oct. 1,
2010
Nov. 17, 2010,
Jungle, Mastung
BSO-A
leader
Kard-e-Gaap,
Mastung
34 Nasrullah
Sumalani
Hazoor
Bakhsh
34 Aug., 2010 Nov. 17, 2010, Singari
Kapotu, Kalat
Social worker Giavindra, Kalat
35 Peer Jan
Baloch
Haji Noor
Muhammad
29 Sep. 10,
2010
Nov. 17, 2010,
Ahmedabad, Kalat
Political
worker
Kalat
36 Muhammad
Raheem
Baloch
Dad
Muhammad
32 Sep. 10,
2010
Nov. 17, 2010,
Ahmedabad, Kalat
Political
worker
Kalat
37 Samiullah
Mengal
Hafiz
Ghulam
Qadir
20 Oct. 1,
2010
Nov. 17, 2010,
Ferozeabad, Khuzdar
BSO-A
member
Khatan, Khuzdar
38 Lala Hameed
Baloch
Hiataan
Baloch
38 Oct. 27,
2010
Nov. 17, 2010,
Heronk, Turbat
Leader BNM
& journalist
Gwadar
39 Hamid Ismail
Baloch
Muhammad
Ismail
31 Sep. 16,
2010
Nov. 17, 2010,
Heronk , Turbat
Political
worker
Chah Ser,
Gwadar
40 Javed
Naghman
Baloch
Naghman 28 Sep. 10,
2010
Nov. 17, 2010,
Nasirabad-Mand
Road, Turbat
Social worker Dasht, Kech
41 Maulana
Shoaib
Ahmed
Muhammad
Noor
Baloch
35 Nov. 6,
2010
Nov. 21, 2010, Meher,
Mand, Turbat
Cleric/Prayer
leader
Kharan37
S.
#
Name Fatherís
name
Age Date of
disappearance
Date & location
where body was
found
Occupation
Address
42 Unidentified -- - - Nov. 24, 2010, Yaro,
Pashin
- -
43 Unidentified -- - - Nov. 24, 2010, Yaro,
Pashin
- -
44 Unidentified -- - - Nov. 24, 2010, Yaro,
Pashin
- -
45 Unidentified -- - - Nov. 24, 2010, Yaro,
Pashin
- -
46 Unidentified -- - - Nov. 24, 2010, Yaro,
Pashin
- -
47 Irfan Sarwar
Baloch
Ghulam
Sarwar
33 Nov. 5,
2010
Nov. 31, 2010,
Quetta-Mastung
Road, Mastung
Political
worker
Dasht, Mastung
48 Abdul
Waheed
Qambarani
Ali Ahmed 42 Oct. 1,
2010
Dec. 1, 2010, Raj,
Kalat
Teacher Neemurgh, Kalat
49 Kamran
Shaikh
Hasani
Sardar
Khan
26 Nov. 4,
2010
Dec. 1, 2010, Dasht,
Mastung
Social worker Teen Town,
Quetta
50 Habibur
Rehman
Muhammad
Noor
Bangulzai
24 Nov. 19,
2010
Dec. 12, 2010, Kirani
Road, Western
Bypass, Quetta
BSO-A
member
Mastung
51 Abdul Razzaq
Baloch
Abdul
Lateef
32 Dec. 13,
2010
Dec. 18, 2010,
Murghap, Turbat
Political
worker
Mand, Turbat
52 Muhammad
Yousuf
Baloch
Ahmed
Baloch
27 Dec. 13,
2010
Dec. 18, 2010,
Murghap, Turbat
Political
worker
Tump, Turbat
53 Khuda-eRaheem
Bangulzai
Mureed
Bangulzai
36 Dec. 10,
2010
Dec. 18, 2010,
Koshak, Mastung
Government
servant
Quetta
54 Hussain
Bakhsh
Bangulzai
Ali Bakhsh 26 Sep. 13,
2010
Dec. 19, 2010,
Shalkot, Hazarganji,
Quetta
Social worker Mastung
55 Zubair
Ahmed
Sarparah
Sardar
Ghulam
Rabbani
35 Oct. 1,
2010
Dec. 26, 2010,
Qambarani Road,
Quetta
BSO-A
member
Kird Gaap,
Mastung
56 Sarfraz Tariq
Bangulzai
Ali Khan 28 Dec. 1,
2010
Dec. 26, 2010,
Qambarani Road,
Quetta
Farmer Mastung
57 Shadi Khan
Marri
Jamal Khan
Marri
70 Sep. 23,
2010
Dec. 26, 2010,
Quetta-Sibi Road,
Dasht, Mastung
Tribal elder Uthal, Lasbela
58 Suhbat Khan
Marri
Ahmed
Khan
34 Sep. 28,
2010
Dec. 26, 2010,
Quetta-Sibi Road,
Dashat, Mastung
Social worker Windar, Lasbela
59 Unidentified -- - - Dec. 26, 2010, Sariab
Road Quetta Yaro,
Pashin
- -
60 Attaullah Dad
Bakhsh
33 Sep. 4,
2010
Dec. 31, 2010 Political
worker
Mand, Kech
61 Sardar
Yousuf
Langove
Mir Ahmed 50 Nov. 30,
2010
Jan. 4, 2011, Kirani
Road, Western
Bypass, Quetta
Tribal chief Mungichar,
Mastung
62 Qambar
Chakar
Baloch
Abdul Malik 29 Nov. 25,
2010
Jan. 5, 2011, Pidrak
Pasni, Gwadar
BSO-A
leader
Shahi Tump,
Turbat38
S.
#
Name Fatherís
name
Age Date of
disappearance
Date & location
where body was
found
Occupation
Address
63 Ilyas Baloch Nazar
Muhammad
Baloch
26 Dec. 20,
2010
Jan. 5, 2011, Pidrak
Pasni, Gwadar
Local
journalist
Turbat
64 Taj
Muhammad
Marri
Shar
Muhammad
37 Jan. 6,
2011
Jan. 8, 2011, Kalat Businessman Eastern Bypass,
Quetta
65 Mir Jan Marri Yar Ali 33 Jan. 6,
2011
Jan. 8, 2011, Kalat Shopkeeper Eastern Bypass,
Quetta
66 Zakriya Zehri
Baloch
Ali Dost 22 Dec. 14,
2010
Jan. 15, 2011, Hajika,
Soorab, Kalat
BSO-A
member
Soorab, Kalat
67 Ghulam
Hussain
Muhammad
Hasni
Muhammad
Hussain
35 Aug. 30,
2010
Jan. 15, 2011, Sang
Danish, Soorab
Political
worker
Bancha, Soorab,
Kalat
68 Naseer
Kamalhan
Baloch
Kamalhan
Baloch
65 Nov. 5,
2010
Jan. 17, 2011,
Coastal Highway,
Pasni, Gwadar
Leader
Baloch
National
Movement
(BNM)
Pasni, Gwadar
69 Ahmed Dad
Baloch
Dad
Muhammad
34 Oct. 15,
2010
Jan. 17, 2011,
Coastal Highway,
Pasni, Gwadar
Member of
BRP
Gwadar
70 Nisar Ahmed
Mengal
Ameer
Bakhsh
36 Oct. 15,
2010
Jan. 17, 2011, Majid
Road, Khuzdar
Leader of
Baloch
Watan
Movement
(BWM)
Salehabad,
Khuzdar
71 Mumtaz
Ahmed Kurd
Bijjar Khan 34 Nov. 12,
2010
Jan. 18, 2011, Ghanja
Dori, Mastung
Social worker Mach, Bolan
72 Qalang Bugti Lal Khan 26 Jan. 16,
2010
Jan. 18, 2011 Member BRP Sui, Dera Bugti
73 Ali Jan Kurd Bijjar Khan 36 Nov. 12,
2010
Jan. 22, 2011,
Qambarani Road,
Quetta
BSO-A
leader
Mach, Bolan
74 Muhammad
Azim Baloch
Bibarg 37 Jan. 20,
2011
Jan. 24, 2011, RCD
Road, Kalat
Political
worker
Hajika, Soorab,
Kalat
75 Abid Rasool
Baloch
Rasool
Bakhsh
Baloch
26 Jan. 23,
2011
Jan. 27, 2011 BSO-A
member
Chitkan, Panjgur
76 Muhammad
Ramzan
Langove
Nawab
Khan
40 Nov. 20,
2010
Jan. 29, 2011 Political
worker
Mungichar,
Mastung
77 Ali Jan Saqib 34 Jan. 10,
2011
Jan. 31, 2011 Balochi folk
singer
Killi Abdul
Hakeem,
Basima,
Khuzdar
78 Hamid
Essazai
Raisani
Abdul
Hameed
26 Jan. 1,
2011
Feb. 3, 2011,
Ferozeabad, Khuzdar
Political
worker
Basima, Kharan
79 Lal Khan
Sumalani
Mir Khan 32 Jan. 4,
2011
Feb. 3, 2011,
Ferozeabad, Khuzdar
Social worker Kohing, Kalat
80 Mir Ahmed
Sumalani
Shakar
Muhammad
18 Jan. 4,
2011
Feb. 3, 2011,
Ferozeabad, Khuzdar
Social worker Neemurgh, Kalat
81 Mitha Khan
Marri
Qadir Marri 15 Feb. 2,
2011
Feb. 7, 2011 Shepherd Behr Koh, Kohlu39
S.
#
Name Fatherís
name
Age Date of
disappearance
Date & location
where body was
found
Occupation
Address
82 Comrade
Qayyum
Baloch
Nazar
Muhammad
Baloch
38 Dec. 11,
2010
Feb. 10, 2011,
Heronk, Turbat
BSO-A
leader
Heronk, Turbat
83 Jameel
Yaqoob
Baloch
Muhammad
Yaqoob
34 Aug. 28,
2010
Feb. 10, 2011,
Heronk, Turbat
Leader of
BNP
Heronk, Turbat
84 Abdul Jabbar
Langove
Muhammad
Bakhsh
Baloch
38 Feb. 6,
2011
Feb. 13, 2011 Social worker Khad Kucha,
Kalat
85 Arzi Khan
Marri
Meero
Khan
32 Sep. 28,
2010
Feb. 14, 2011, Zero
Point, Uthal, Lasbela
Political
worker
Windar, Lasbela
86 Saeed
Ahmed
Mengal
Noor
Ahmed
34 Feb. 6,
2011
Feb. 14, 2011, Nazar
Nadi, Khuzdar
Member of
BNP (M)
Leezo, Khuzdar
87 Mehboob
Wadella
Baig
Muhammad
Baloch
28 Apr. 3,
2010
Feb. 23, 2011,
Ormara, Gwadar
Leader of
BNM
Malir, Karachi
88 Abdul
Rehman Arif
Ghulam
Hussain
42 Sep. 3,
2010
Feb. 23, 2011,
Ormara, Lasbela
Teacher and
leader of
BRP
Gwadar
89 Faiz
Muhammad
Marri
Jalal Marri 36 Nov. 6,
2010
Mar. 2, 2011, Dasht,
Mastung
Political
worker
New Kahan,
Quetta
90 Din
Muhammad
Marri
Sher
Muhammad
55 Feb. 28,
2011
Mar. 8, 2011, Zero
Point, Uthal, Lasbela
Tribal elder Hub, Lasbela
91 Yasir Baloch Haji Nasir
Baloch
18 Oct. 14,
2010
Mar. 8, 2011,
Murghap, Turbat
BSO-A
member
Soro, Mand,
Turbat
92 Nauroz
Mengal
Allah
Bakhsh
22 Mar. 6,
2011
Mar. 8, 2011, Giawan,
Kalat
Political
worker
Nighari, Kalat
93 Sher Zaman
Kurd
Feb. 12,
2011
Mar. 13, 2011, Sariab
Road, Quetta
Member BRP Mach Bolan
94 Hameed
Shaheen
Shaheen
Baloch
38 Mar. 20,
2011
Mar. 21, 2011,
Western Bypass,
Quetta
Former
chairman
BSO
Quetta
95 Muhammad
Nawaz Marri
Muhammad
Akbar
32 Jan. 5,
2011
Mar. 23, 2011, RCD
Road, Windar,
Lasbela
Social worker Windar, Lasbela
96 Arif Noor
Baloch
Noor
Muhammad
Baloch
42 Oct. 13,
2010
Mar. 23, 2011, RCD
Road, Windar,
Lasbela
Gwadar
Development
Authority
officer
Naylant, Gwadar
97 Kohdil Bugti Ali Bakhsh 26 Feb. 20,
2011
Mar. 26, 2011, Pat
Mundrani, Dera Bugti
Baloch
Republican
Studentsí
Organisation
leader
Sui, Dera Bugti
98 Ali Bakhsh
Bugti
74 Feb. 20,
2011
Mar. 26, 2011, Pat
Mundrani, Dera Bugti
- Sui, Dera Bugti
99 Shah Bakhsh
Bugti
45 Feb. 20,
2011
Mar. 26, 2011, Pat
Mundrani, Dera Bugti
- Sui, Dera Bugti
100 Rehm Dil
Bugti
43 Feb. 20,
2011
Mar. 26, 2011, Pat
Mundrani, Dera Bugti
- Sui, Dera Bugti40
S.
#
Name Fatherís
name
Age Date of
disappearance
Date & location
where body was
found
Occupation
Address
101 Saleem
Baloch
Muhammad
Hassan
29 Feb. 22,
2011
Mar. 26, 2011 - Malir, Karachi
102 Fareed
Baloch
Haleem
Dilawari
26 Feb. 11,
2011
Mar. 27, 2011,
Ferozeabad, Khuzdar
BSO-A
leader
Khuzdar
103 Haji Mehboob
Kurd
42 Mar. 12,
2011
Mar. 31, 2011,
Qambarani Road,
Quetta
Tribal elder Dasht, Mastung
104 Rehmatullah
Shaheen
Kochi Khan
Bangulzai
30 Mar. 12,
2011
Apr. 1, 2011 Journalist &
singer
Mach, Bolan
105 Muhammad
Hassan
- - - Mar. 13, 2011, Ispini
Road, Quetta
- -
106 Unidentified -- - - Mar. 26, 2011, Yaro,
Pat Mundrani, Dera
Bugti
- -
107 Unidentified -- - - Mar. 26, 2011, Yaro,
Pat Mundrani, Dera
Bugti
- -
108 Unidentified -- - - Mar. 26, 2011, Yaro,
Pat Mundrani, Dera
Bugti
- -
109 Unidentified -- - - Mar. 26, 2011, Yaro,
Pat Mundrani, Dera
Bugti
- -
110 Saleh
Muhammad
- - - Mar. 27, 2011, Dilaski,
Awaran
- -
111 Ghulam Qadir
Bugti
Manu
Hutkani
- - Apr. 1, 2011, Pesh
Bogi, Dera Bugti
- Dera Bugti
112 Khetran Bugti Muhammad
Ali Hutkani
- - Apr. 1, 2011, Pesh
Bogi, Dera Bugti
- Dera Bugti
113 Pir Jan Bugti Bachal
Khan
Hutkani
- - Apr. 1, 2011, Pesh
Bogi, Dera Bugti
- Dera Bugti
114 Baraho Bugti Muria Bugti - - Apr. 1, 2011, Pesh
Bogi, Dera Bugti
- Dera Bugti
115 Muhammad
Hayat
Muhammad
Hasani
Muhammad
Akbar
Muhammad
Hasni
34 Mar. 30,
2011
Apr. 7, 2011, Tasp,
Panjgur
Businessman Dalbandin
116 Muhammad
Hussain
Sasoli
Muhammad
Bakhsh
Sasoli
31 Mar. 30,
2011
Apr. 7, 2011, Tasp,
Panjgur
Businessman Kharan
117 Muhammad
Kareem
Dehwar
Shafi
Muhammad
34 Feb. 14,
2011
Apr. 17, 2011,
Western Bypass,
Quetta
Student Sariab Road,
Quetta
118 Unidentified - - - Apr. 17, 2011, Uthal,
Lasbela
- -
119 Murtaza Zehri Abdul Haq 36 Sep. 9,
2010
Apr. 25, 2011,
Sorgaz, Khuzdar
Political
worker
Khuzdar
120 Muhammad
Ayub Baloch
Ghulam
Qadir
Apr. 25, 2011, Sorgaz
, Khuzdar
Political
worker
Khuzdar
121 Muhammad
Hafeez Bajoi
Muhammad
Azam
Apr. 25, 2011, Sorgaz
, Khuzdar
Political
worker
Khuzdar
122 Zareef Faraz Balach
Baloch
Apr. 21,
2011, Zero
Point
Gwadar
Apr. 25, 2011,
Murghap, Turbat
Balochi
singer
Kalatuk, Gwadar41
S.
#
Name Fatherís
name
Age Date of
disappearance
Date & location
where body was
found
Occupation
Address
123 Shameem
Baloch
Muhammad
Ameen
Baloch
Apr. 25, 2011,
Murghap Turbat
Member
BNM
Tump, Turbat
124 Siddique Eido Eid
Muhammad
32 Dec. 21,
2011, Zero
Point Pasni
Apr. 28, 2011,
Ormara, Gwadar
Human rights
defender,
coordinator
of HRCP
Core Group
Pasni
Pasni
125 Yousuf Nazar
Baloch
Nazar
Muhammad
23 Dec. 21,
2011, Zero
Point Pasni
Apr. 28, 2011,
Ormara, Gwadar
BSO-A
member
Pasni
126 Akhthar
Langove
- 36 - May 10, 2011, Killi
Nasiran, Kuchlak,
Quetta
- Killi Shabo,
Quetta
127 Abdul Ghani
Langove
- 40 - May 10, 2011, Killi
Nasiran, Kuchlak,
Quetta
- Kilii Juma Khan,
Sur Pul, Quetta
128 Tariq Karim Muhammad
Karim
32 Oct. 21,
2010,
Gulistan-eJohar,
Karachi
May 11, 2011, Killi
Sardar Karez,
Western Bypass,
Quetta
BSO-A
member
Baysima,
Washuk
129 Muhammad
Jan
Muhammad
Bilal
24 Apr. 18,
2011,
Khuzdar
May 11, 2011, Rabia
Khuzdari Road,
Khuzdar
Khuzdar
130 Agha Abid
Shah
Syed Gul
Agha
30 Aug. 15,
2010, near
District
Hospital
Panjgur
May 11, 2011,
Pardan, Panjgur
Vicechairman of
BSO-A
Chitkan, Panjgur
131 Master
Safeer
Baloch
Ghuas Bux 38 Aug. 15,
2010, near
District
Hospital
Panjgur
May 11, 2011,
Pardan, Panjgur
Teacher and
member
BNM
Surdau, Panjgur
132 Abdul Sattar Dad
Muhammad
40 Aug. 15,
2010, near
District
Hospital
Panjgur
May 11, 2011,
Pardan, Panjgur
Teacher and
Chairman
Govt
Teachersí
Association,
Panjgur
Prome, Chitkan,
Panjgur
133 Dil Jan
Baloch
Faiz
Muhammad
30 He was
picked up
from
Mashkey,
in district
Awaran
along with
15 other
people a
few days
before his
body was
found
May 12, 2011,
Ferozeabad, Khuzdar
Political
activist
Mashkey,
Awaran
134 Khalid Baloch Doshambey May 21,
2011
May 23, 2011,
Murghap, Turbat
Nasir Abad,
Turbat, Kech42
S.
#
Name Fatherís
name
Age Date of
disappearance
Date & location
where body was
found
Occupation
Address
135 Ahmed Ali Ali Ahmed May 16,
2011
May 23, 2011,
Murghap, Turbat
Giab, Mand,
Turbat, Kech
136 Hameed
Baloch
Dec. 13,
2010
May 24, 2011,
Mazdalo, Tehsil
Gawargo, Panjgur
Student Khada Badaan,
Panjgur
137 Abid Saleem
Baloch
Muhammad
Saleem
Baloch
23 He was
picked up
along with
a friend
around four
months
before his
body was
found.
May 24, 2011,
Murghap, Turbat
Student Khada Badaan,
Panjgur
138 Mehrab
Baloch
Haji
Muhammad
Umer
He was
picked up
along with
a friend
around four
months
before his
body was
found.
May 24, 2011,
Murghap, Turbat
Student Prome, Panjgur
139 Jamal Khan
Muhammad
Hassani
- - - May 25, 2011, Rabia
Khuzdari Road,
Khuzdar
- Naukjo,
Mashkey,
Awaran
140 Khawand Bux
Bugti
- - He was
picked up
four
months
before his
body was
found.
May 29, 2011,
Nauthal, Naseerabad
- Mangoli, Dera
Murad Jamali43
In several cases in Balochistan, witnesses and families have accused security agencies of involvement
in enforced disappearances. Following are just two of a number of First Information Reports (FIRs) seen
by the HRCP mission to Balochistan where the families have specifically alleged involvement of personnel
of security agencies in incidents of enforced disappearances. The police have not even managed to get
an audience with the security agencies in any such case, much less identify and question the personnel
considered to be involved.
Annex 4
FIRs lodged against security agenciesí personnel in cases of
enforced disappearance4445
Annex 5
Targeted killings in Balochistan in 2011
Sr.
#
Name of victim/s Address Occupation
Date/ place of
incident
Brief details
1 Abdul Wahab, Nisar
Ahmed
Malakand Labourers on
daily wages
January 7, 2011,
Awaran
Unidentified armed men
opened fire on labourers
laying optic fibre cable.
2 Ghulam Haider Mand,
Turbat
Shopkeeper January 8, 2011,
Mand Bazar, Turbat
He was sitting in his shop
when unidentified gunmen
shot and killed him.
3 Khan Muhammad Shafiabad,
Jafarabad
Police
constable
January 10, 2011,
Shafiabad Police
Post, Jafarabad
Was on duty at Police Post
Shafiabad where
unidentified gunmen killed
him.
4 Abdul Jabbar Brewery
Road,
Quetta
Government
employee,
deputy director
of Deputy
Director of
Research
Water
Resources
January 14, 2011,
Airport Road, Quetta
Was going to his office when
unidentified armed men in a
car shot and killed him.
5 Fahmeeda Bibi and
Saeed Ahmed
Eastern
Bypass,
Quetta
Government
employee
January 15, 2011,
Eastern Bypass,
Quetta
Shot and killed by
unidentified men. Fahmeeda
was an employee in the
Health Department as a lady
health worker while Saeed
worked with the department
as a watchman.
6 Mehboob Ahmed Quetta Labourer January 23, 2011,
Panjgur
Unidentified men opened fire
on a police van, killing the
labourer who was in the van.
7 FC employee - FC constable January 31, 2011,
Gokdaan, Turbat
Killed when unidentified men
opened fire on an FC
vehicle.
8 Naeem Sabir Chamrok,
district
Khuzdar
Human rights
defender
March 1, 2011,
Chakar Khan Road,
Khuzdar
A human rights defender
associated with HRCP,
Naeem Sabir was shot and
killed by unidentified
motorcyclists at his
stationery shop.
9 Subedar Saifur
Rehman, Hawaldar
Sher Afzal, Lance
Nike Fareed Ahmed,
Constables Abdul
Qayyum, Mujahid
Hussain, Driver
Muhammad Ilyas,
Mukhtar Solangi,
Inspector Mali
Nasser, Shafatullah
- Employees of
Frontier Works
Organisation
and National
Highway
Authority
March 11, 2011,
Naylant, Gwadar
Unidentified men attacked a
camp where employees of
Frontier Workers
Organisation were living.
Nine workers were killed and
another two injured. All the
casualties were junior
employees from Peshawar
and parts of Punjab.
10 Abid Ali Punjab Barber April 7, 2011, Uthal,
Lesbela
Abid was working at a
barbershop when
unidentified armed men shot
him dead.46
Sr.
#
Name of victim/s Address Occupation
Date/ place of
incident
Brief details
11 Meherullah Umrani Khuzdar Political worker
(Pakistan Muslim
League-Nawaz)
April 12, 2011,
Chakar Khan Road,
Khuzdar
The deceased was
president of Pakistan
Muslim League-Nawaz for
Khuzdar district and was
shot and killed by
unidentified men.
12 Muhammad Asghar Vehari,
Punjab
Worked in a flour
mill
April 15, Sibi Road,
Quetta
Shot and killed by
unidentified motorcyclists
when he was on his way
home.
13 Muhammad Bux and
Sajid
Punjab Construction
workers
April 18, 2011, Pir
Shah Muhammad
Road, Barkhan
Unidentified armed men
opened fire on labrourers
working with a construction
company. Two persons
were killed and three
injured. The dead and the
injured were all residents of
Punjab.
14 Abdul Nabi Pashin Shopkeeper April 21, 2011, Main
Bazar, Panjgur
15 Muhammad Azam
and Inamullah
Tusp,
district
Panjgur
A telecommunication engineer and
another employee
of a mobile phone
company
April 29, 2011,
Tump, Turbat
16 Lance Nike Eitebar
Gul
- FC personnel May 22, 2011, Nukjo
Mashkay, Awaran
He was killed when
unidentified men attacked a
camp of Frontier
Constabulary.
17 Rehmat Wali Khattak - FC personnel May 22, 2011, Gidar
Farm, Surab, district
Kalat
Unidentified men attacked
a camp of Frontier
Constabulary.
18 Mushtaq Ahmed Abbotabad Tailor May 29, 2011,
Akhtar Muhammad
Road, Quetta
Mushtaq was working in a
tailoring shop and was shot
dead by unidentified armed
men.47
Annex 6
Sectarian killings in Balochistan in 2011
Sr.
#
Name of victim/s Address Occupation
Date/ place of
incident
Brief details
1 Maulana Abdul
Kabeer Shakir, Dur
Muhammad,
Shamsuddin
Killi Qambarani,
Sariab Road,
Quetta
Prayer
leader
April 14, 2011,
Bibi Ziarat,
Sariab Road,
Quetta
Maulana Shakir was a well
known religious leader of
Jamaat-e-Ahl-e-Sunnat and
was on his way from the
mosque to his home, along with
his son and other two pupils,
when unidentified men opened
fire on their car. The Maulana
and his pupil were killed, while
his son and the other pupil
sustain injuries.
2 Haji Ismail, Haji
Ibrahim, Jan Ali,
Jawad Hussain,
Qurban Ali, Haji Dad
Ali
Hazara Town,
Quetta
- May 6, 2011,
Western
Bypass, Quetta
Unidentified men opened
indiscriminate fire, used hand
grenades and fired rockets to
target members of the Hazara
community in a playground at
around 7: 30 am. Six members
of the community were killed
while another 15 were injured.
All of the casualties were
members of the Hazara
community. Banned militant
organization Lashkar-e-Jhangvi
claimed responsibility for the
killings.
3 Ghulam Nabi,
Muhammad Hanif,
Ishaq Ali, Hameed
Ali, Ahmed Ali,
Qurban Ali and Bibi
Tahira
Hazara Town,
Quetta
Fruit traders May 18, 2011,
Killi
Goharabad,
Hazar Ganji,
Quetta
Except Tahira Bibi, a
bystander, all victims were
Hazara vegetable vendors
travelling from Hazar Ganji
Market to Quetta when
unidentified armed
motorcyclists opened fire on
their vehicle. Lashkar-eJhangvi claimed responsibility
for the killings.
4 Qari Abdul Jalil Killi Nichari, Toghi
Road, Quetta
Khateeb May 23, 2011,
Toghi Road,
Quetta
Killed by unidentified men
inside the Toghi Road mosque
where he delivered sermons.
5 Musa Khan and
Muhammad Ishaq
Hazara Town,
Quetta
Police
constables
May 29, 2011
Ispini Road,
Quetta
The two policemen belonging
to the Hazara community were
on their way on a motorcycle
when unidentified armed men
shot and killed them.
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Balochistan Blinkered slide into chaos Report of an HRCP fact-finding mission June 2011

Post  بامسار بلوچ on Sat Jul 16, 2011 6:14 am

The Balochistan Chief Minister had also
publically stated that the military officials did not
listen to him. The NP leaders also said that
violations of the law by FC personnel in the
province were provoking the people. They stressed
the need for the political parties and civil society to
mobilise the people to end lawlessness as well as
illegalities of the security forces in Balochistan and
improve the situation in Balochistan. They
apprehended that a conspiracy was being hatched
to blame various communities in Balochistan of
indulgence in violence against each other and
claimed that such acts were being committed by
personnel of intelligence agencies.
Leaders of the Jamaat-e-Islami (JI) told the
mission that the FC had established a post on their
office premises without seeking their approval.
They said that when a JI leader politely complained
that they had not even been informed about
establishment of the post, an FC officer there told
him that the people who did not behave properly
with them were disappeared. They said that
lawlessness in the province knew no bounds and
the people were being murdered after being
accused of involvement in subversive activities.
They said that the people were now aware of
Balochistanís natural resources and wanted their
rights and demanding oneís rights was not an
unpatriotic act. They advised the authorities to
initiate a dialogue with those str iving for
independence rather than making them disappear
and throwing their dead bodies by the roadside.
Leaders of the Jamhoori Watan Party said that
the main issues in Balochistan at the moment were
disappearance of the people and internal
displacement. They said that the women of Baloch
families who had been forced to migrate to
Afghanistan had no money and were reported to
be begging in the streets. The lack of development
would be addressed and the peopleís basic needs
met if the Baloch people had a say in how their
resources were used, they said, adding that the
situation in the province could be improved if the
disappeared persons were released. They
demanded rehabilitation of the internally displaced
persons of Bugti and Marri tribes at their native
places. They complained that the housing census15
was not being conducted in places where the
displaced families were presently living.
Balochistan National Party (BNP) leaders said
in their meeting with the mission that targeted
killings of BNP leader Habib Jalib, Nooruddin
Mengal, Naseer Langov, Agha MehmoodAhmedzai
and Haji Liaquat had caused great resentment and
frustration among the people. They demanded that
the military and paramilitary forces should be
withdrawn from the province, the missing persons
should be released or produced in court and the
Baloch peopleís right to their natural resources
should be acknowledged. They felt that
engagement with the affected peopleís
representatives could help improve the situation.
They stated that scores of BNP supporters had
been killed by the security forces and bodies of
many had been found with traces of torture. The
Baloch were being humiliated by FC personnel, who
cut their beard and moustache as well as slashed
the multi-layered Balochi shalwar (trousers). They
claimed that foreign nationals were ìbuyingî for
large sums of money certificates of local
residenceówhich made them eligible to apply for
jobs in Balochistanóas well as Computerised
National Identity Cards (CNICs) and passports.
Tradersí concerns
Balochistan Anjuman-e-Tajran wa Dukandaran
Chairman Hameed Bangulzai informed the mission
that the business community was facing serious
problems because of absence of peace and
security in the province. Traders were being
abducted for ransom. Traders and those working
for daily wages faced severe financial difficulties
on account of closure of markets for one reason
or the other. Traders hailing f rom different
communities, including those from the religious
minorities, had been killed and abducted for
ransom. He said that the lawlessness was such that
no one felt safe and many families had withdrawn
their children from schools for fear of their safety.
Recovery of bodies of victims of enforced
disappearance was fuelling peopleís anger. Even
individuals kidnapped for ransom, such as Liaquat
Agha, Munawwar Sarab and Haji Nabi, whose
families had paid part of the ransom money, had
not been released.
Afzal Zehri, senior vice president of Anjumane-Tajran wa Dukandaran said that the closure of
most of the industrial units in the province had
increased unemployment. He said there was utter
lawlessness in the province and the land mafia,
car thieves and kidnappers ruled the roost. He
claimed that 80 percent of the youth were
unemployed and job vacancies were being sold.
There was a glut of narcotics in Quetta.
Threats on account of religious belief
A social activist from the Hindu community drew
the missionís attention to growing discrimination
against minorities in Balochistan in the last few
years. He said more than 30 persons from the
Hindu community had been kidnapped for ransom.
Those who tried to resist kidnapping attempts were
killed. Temples were being occupied and members
of religious minority communities feared joining
social gatherings for fear of being robbed. He said
that members of the Hindu community were
migrating to other countries but that was possible
only for the affluent ones. Education of the girl child
in the minority communities had been seriously
affected as parents feared that they would be
kidnapped and forcibly converted to Islam.
He cited the conversion and marriage of one
such girl, Sapna Kumari, where the Mullah who had
kidnapped and forced her to embrace Islam
threatened to murder her three brothers and father
if she testified in court that she had been converted
and married against her will. Kumari was a minor
but the court ordered her to go with her ìhusbandî.
He said that the troika of armed forcesí officers,
mullahs and tribal chiefs were indulging in crimes
against religious minorities. He stated that all
members of the Bahai community in Balochistan
had migrated abroad because they could afford to
do so. He said that members of the Hindu
community were targeted by intelligence agenciesí
personnel who inquired about their relatives in India
and elsewhere.
The mission was informed of incidents of
abduction of members of religious minorities in
Kalat, Mastung, Kachhi (Bolan), Sibi and Khuzdar16
districts of the province.
The mission also met representatives of the
Hazara and Ahmedi communities. The Hazara
delegationís leader stated that members of the
community had been targeted persistently for the
last 10 years in targeted killings and other acts of
terrorism by sectarian outfits, particularly banned
militant groups Sipah-e-Sahaba Pakistan and
Lashkar-e-Jhangvi. The targeted Hazaras included
businessmen and government employees.
Religious processions of Hazara community had
also been attacked and a large number of people
had been killed. Even the suspects who had been
arrested were reported to have escaped from police
stations and prisons. He said that in July 2008 he
was requested by the provincial chief minister to
go and pacify the protestors outraged at the killing
of dozens of members of Hazara community in an
attack on a religious procession. When he reached
the spot and announced that he had been sent by
the chief minister, he was shot at and injured by
official security personnel. He said on several
instances shops owned by Hazaras had been
looted and torched. The communityís businesses
were raided and businessmen were harassed and
asked to pay bribes. He said that more than 80
people had been killed in the September 3, 2010
attack on an Al-Quds Day procession in Quetta.
He said that the procession had been allowed by
the local administration.
The Hazara leader also referred to an attack
on the community that caused the death of six
Hazaras in Quetta on May 6, 2011 when the HRCP
mission was in the city. He said that despite an FC
post and a police picket nearby the attackers had
escaped f rom the scene unchallenged. The
Hazara representatives also complained that
businessmen f rom the community faced
discrimination f rom state-owned transport
companies which they claimed refused to take
consignments f rom Hazara businessmen to
different places. Hazara transporters had been
targeted to force them to abandon their business.
Earlier, the Hazaras of Quetta had their shops, and
operated transport services in various areas of the
city but now they had been confined to Abdus Sattar
Road and Liaquat Road in the city centre. Hazara
businessmen also decried discriminated even in
the amount of bribes demanded of them during
cross-border trade with Iran and Afghanistan. They
said that traders from the Hazara community were
asked to pay 10 times more in bribes than other
Pakistani traders.
Maulana Syed Hashim Moosavi of Jamaat
Wahdatul Muslimeen, a Shia organisation, said that
peaceful Shia religious processions had been
attacked a number of times in addition to targeted
killing of members of the Shia community. He said
that the processions had always remained peaceful
but when miscreants attacked and looted shops in
ìDiscrimination against the Hindu
community in Balochistan has increased in
the last few years. The community faces
kidnapping and terrorism in the name of
faith. The ransom demands made by the
kidnappers are far too high for the families
to meet. One example is the case of Kirpal
Das and his son Sunny Kumar who were
kidnapped when they were travelling from
Dera Murad Jamali to Jacobabad. The
kidnappers let Kirpal Das go and asked him
to arrange ransom money within a week if
he wanted to see his son alive. Das was
forced to sell his belongings and borrow
money from others to raise the ransom
amount. Of the total Hindu population in
Balochistan around 10 percent are well off
and they have been migrating to other
countries. The rest cannot afford to escape.
On retirement I would not have enough
money to migrate and might well die because
of my inability to meet ransom demands. The
minority community in Balochistan is living
in constant fear. There is also discrimination
in provision of jobs as Hindus with masterís
degrees are denied employment despite
their qualification and eligibility on merit. The
community that has been living in Balochistan
for centuries is being pushed out of its
homeland by those who came here later.î ó
A Hindu government employee in Quetta17
Quetta in 2008 the authorities had blamed
participants of the Shia procession. He said that
over 100 Shias had been killed in attacks on
religious processions.
S. M. Raza, a Quetta-based f reelance
journalist, informed the mission that more than a
dozen shops owned by members of the Shia Hazara
community had been looted at the time of an attack
on a Shia religious procession in 2008. Those
arrested after an attack on a Moharram procession
and identified as associated with sectarian
organizations had been released by a court. He
demanded that activities of the elements who were
promoting intolerance should be stopped and the
sources of funding for such organisations looked
into.
Ahmad Ali Kohzad of Hazara Democratic Party
shared details of targeted killings of members of
the Shia Hazara community in Balochistan. He said
that over 300 Hazaras had been killed between
1999 and May 2011. A judicial commission inquiring
into the killing of Hazaras in various incidents had
submitted its report but that had not been made
public. He said his party had prevented clashes
between the Hazara, Baloch and Pashtun despite
efforts of certain elements to instigate clashes. He
alleged that Saudi and Iranian money had been
used to fuel sectarianism in Pakistan and a proxy
war was being waged in the country.
He said that police officials had noted that 78
groups of kidnappers for ransom were operating
in the province. He claimed that the kidnappers
were supported and protected by politicians, who
asked the police to let them go if some of them
were arrested. The killings and kidnappings had
rendered many wealthy Hazara businessmen in
Balochistan penniless. He named several Hazara
businessmen who had been robbed or had to pay
huge sums of money as ransom. He cited the
murder of Professor Mumtaz Haider of Bolan
Medical College by his abductors. The professorís
family was asked to pay 10 million rupees as
ransom for his release. They had paid 3.8 million
rupees with help from the extended family and yet
the professor was murdered. He said that several
Hazaras had settled abroad because of the
security situation. A few years earlier hundreds of
Hazara boys and girls were studying at the
university and colleges in Quetta but now the
number had plummeted. He advised Pakistan to
stop interfering in other count riesí affai rs,
particularly its neighbours. He said there was a
conspiracy to use one community against the other
and one sect against the other. The Hazaras faced
serious discrimination in access to jobs and even
in the amount of bribe Hazara traders were asked
to pay at the Pak-Afghan border.
Representatives of the Hazara Students
Federation said that state institutions had
completely failed in fulfilling thei r primary
responsibility of protecting the peopleís lives. He
observed that the situation of the Hazara
community in Balochistan was no less critical than
that of non-Muslims. The country was being led
towards anarchy of the most violent order.
Representatives of the Ahmedi community also
met the mission and complained that since 1986
an Ahmedi prayer house situated at Fatima Jinnah
Road, Quetta, had remained sealed despite
repeated pleas by the community. They said that
in 1986 a procession led by local clerics had raided
the prayer house in an attempt to take it over.
Instead of prosecuting the culprits, the authorities
had sealed the Ahmedi prayer house. They said
that in the last several years anti-Ahmedi activity
had forced dozens of Ahmedis across the province
to leave their places of residence and move to
Representatives of the Hazara community highlighted their
grievances in a meeting with the HRCP mission.18
The price of defending rights
The work of human rights defenders (HRDs),
NGO staff and journalists working to highlight
violations of human rights has always been a
risky proposition in Pakistan. However, the
dangers for HRDs have become increasingly
acute in Balochistan in the last few years. They
face widespread intimidation, violence, and
threats to their lives. Two human rights defenders
associated with HRCP in Balochistan, Naeem
Sabir and Siddique Eido, were killed apparently
on account of their work in the year 2011. Crimes
against HRDs went unpunished and
unprosecuted. The stateís shortcomings went
beyond the mere failure to prevent the great
personal risks that HRDs faced because of their
work. In some instances, active complicity of state
agents was strongly suspected. However, despite
repeated requests to investigate such a role, no
probe has been held.
Naeem Sabir (1977-2011)
Naeem Sabir had been
associated with HRCP since
1997 and had been working
since 1998 as coordinator of
HRCPís District Core Group
in Khuzdar. He was actively
involved in promotion of
human rights and
monitoring and reporting of
human rights violations in
Khuzdar.
On March 1, 2011 at around 5pm, Naeem
was attacked in a targeted killing by unidentified
motorcyclists. He was shot at least seven times
from a close range. He was critically injured and
died on the way to hospital. He was 35.
Of and on, he had been targeted for his
activities by minions of the state. But in the recent
past, he had given no apparent cause for offence
to anyone except the local satraps who could not
bear his truthful coverage of human rights
abuses. A group calling itself Baloch Musallah
Difaía Tanzeem claimed responsibility for
Naeemís murder. The same group is known to
have threatened the people of murder if they
register cases with the police about
disappearances or recovery of bodies of missing
persons. Naeem is survived by his wife and a oneyear-old son. His brother has also received death
threats.
While the police have registered a case,
virtually no headway has been made in the
investigation. HRCP has taken up the matter with
senior police officials in Balochistan in writing as
well as verbally and expressed dissatisfaction
over the investigation. The HRCP chairperson
has also written to the Balochistan Police chief.
However, no positive change has been witnessed
so far.
Siddique Eido (1979-2011)
Human rights activ ist
Siddique Eido had been working
as Coordinator of HRCP Core
Group in Pasni, district Gwadar,
since 2000. His work was
instrumental in highlighting
human rights violations in the
area. He also worked as a newspaper
correspondent.
A case was registered against him on trumped
up charges of disturbing public peace and
attacking the coastguards. He was granted bail
by the trial court in Gwadar and regularly
appeared on dates of hearing of the case. He
continued reporting human rights violations in
Pasni and raising his voice against enforced
disappearances. On December 21, 2010, he
appeared before the court in Gwadar for a
hearing of the case against him. He was returning
to Pasni in a van along with other co-accused in
the case as well as four policemen when the van
was stopped by men in uniforms of the Frontier
Constabulary (FC). They pulled Eido and another
man, Yousaf Nazar, out of the van and despite
protest by the policemen, took the two men away
in a vehicle similar to those used by the security
forces in the area.
HRCP lodged a strong protest with the19
other provinces even to other countries. The poorer
Ahmedi families had shifted to Quetta. They said
that Ahmedis in Balochistan had been killed on
account of their faith every year since 2007. They
had also been kidnapped for ransom and some
had been killed despite payment of ransom.
Mansoor, an Ahmedi mine owner, who had been
kidnapped for ransom, was killed despite payment
of Rs 3.2 million as ransom. In March 2010, another
Ahmedi, Iftikharul Haq, was abducted and released
only after he paid a large sum of money as ransom.
After his release, he had chosen to settle abroad.
Most of the targeted persons belonging to the
Ahmedi community in Balochistan were ìsettlersî,
members of the community informed the mission.
The few Ahmedis who were ethnic Baloch had not
been targeted. The Ahmedi community felt
unprotected even while offering prayers at a place
in Quetta that was established after the 1986
sealing of their prayer house. They said that during
the government of Nawab Akbar Bugti in
Balochistan their community led a secure and
peaceful life, because Bugti had warned the clerics
against harming any religious or ethnic community
in the province.
Workersí problems
Sattar Baloch, chai rman of Agr iculture
Mehnatkash Union Balochistan, said that gross
violations of labour laws and International Labour
Organisation (ILO) conventions were the norm in
Balochistan. He said the workers were forced to
toil in dangerous conditions and cited a recent
incident where at least 40 miners were killed in a
coalmine operated by the state-owned Pakistan
Mineral Development Corporation (PMDC). He
called for holding a tripartite conference of
representatives of workers, employers and the
government to address workersí problems. He said
most of the disappeared persons were from the
working class. He said private sector industries in
Balochistan were run by those who should be called
kharkars (bonded labour users) and accused the
bureaucracy of patronising them. He regretted that
the progressive political parties who used to train
young trade unionists no longer performed that
task. He condemned the disappearance and killing
of teachers and shopkeepers. He said it would be
incorrect to assume that the United States would
support Balochistanís independence.
Abdul Qadir, a veteran leader of All Pakistan
Clerks Association, observed that while the judiciary
had resolved the problems of lower judicial staff, it
had kept petitions by workersí associations pending.
He stated that many young herdsmen were among
victims of enforced disappearance. He said that
agr iculture production in Balochistan had
plummeted on account of lack of electricity.
Balochistan Doctors and Paramedics
Association representatives cited names of several
doctors who had fallen victim to targeted killings
and demanded provision of security to members
of the medical profession. They said that many
senior doctors were leaving Balochistan for other
parts of the country as well as abroad because of
government and expressed serious concern that
Eido might be tortured and that his life was in
grave danger. The FC denied any involvement
in Siddique Eidoís abduction. HRCP called for
recording of statements of the witnesses,
including the four policemen, who had seen Eido
being taken away by men in FC uniforms. That
was not done. A case was lodged with the police
and Eidoís name was also listed in the case
before the Supreme Court about disappeared
persons. Despite repeated appeals to
government authorities for Siddique Eidoís
release, his detention remained unacknowledged
and his whereabouts unknown until April 28, 2011
when his bullet-riddled body was found from
Ormara. He was 31 when he was killed.
Siddique Eidoís reporting of human rights
violations in Balochistan, particularly enforced
disappearances, was believed to have led to his
abduction and murder. HRCPís demand for a
transparent and credible inquiry into his
disappearance and murder has been ignored.
No effort has been made to identify or punish
the culprits.20
threats such as targeted killings and kidnappings
for ransom. They said that that was bound to
aggravate a serious shortage of doctors and
paramedics in the province. The shortage was also
severe in diagnostic laboratories, particularly in the
forensic section. They also stressed the need for
more institutions for training paramedical staff.
They criticised the print and electronic media for
failing to give appropriate coverage to doctorsí
problems.
Civil society perspective
Malik Subedar, a civil society activist from the
mountainous Kalat region of Balochistan, said that
the people in Balochistan led a very difficult life
because of lack of essential facilities, including
electricity, irrigation water and healthcare. He said
the people of Kalat did not know where and how
the amount allocated for their area was spent.
Quetta-based members of HRCP also met the
mission and highlighted the following human rights
concerns in Balochistan.
1. Poor law and order / kidnappings for
ransom
2. Enforced disappearance and recovery of
disfigured bodies of victims of disappearance
3. Insecurity faced by members of religious
minority communities
4. Targeted killings
5. Pressure groups of
armed militants, insurgents and
Taliban and other extremists
A number of members
suggested that fresh election
should be held for the
Balochistan provincial assembly
at the earliest, as the
government had abdicated its
responsibility and the affairs of
the province were being run by
the FC. However, other
members opposed the idea. The
members stressed the need to
combat the activities of
extremists with sectar ian
agendas, who had been
indulging in killings and attacking religious
gatherings. They pointed out that many influential
groups were involved in land grabbing. The need
for a proper census across Balochistan was also
stressed. Some members said that the census was
not being carried out in certain areas. The issue
of foreigners getting Computerized National Identity
Cards and Pakistani passports was also raised.
The members referred to targeted killing and
kidnapping for ransom of educated individuals and
added that most of them were not involved in any
political or sectarian activity. They noted that the
mainstream political parties were becoming
irrelevant as they were not seen to be striving to
address the issues facing the people of
Balochistan. Some members pointed out that the
people of Balochistan had a very liberal tradition
of tolerance which was being lost and highlighted
the need to involve all communities in combating
divisive activities. Some members accused the
intelligence agencies of harassing and extorting
money f rom members of religious minority
communities. They demanded reform of the
syllabus taught at state-run and private schools
and an immediate review of textbooks to weed out
preaching of hatred and intolerance. Regulation
of madrassas and their curriculum was also urged.
HRCP Chairperson Zohra Yusuf (C) and other members of the mission
address a press conference in Quetta at the conclusion of the mission.21
An end to impunity for FC personnel as well as to
military operations in the province was also
stressed. HRCP members from religious minority
groups also demanded that their representatives
in the provincial and federal legislature should be
directly elected by their votes rather than the
prevalent practice of their selection/nomination by
their political party. HRCP members pointed out
that the long-held tradition in Balochistan of
respecting the opinion of others was being
abandoned because of the stateís patronage of
extremists. There was a strong demand for
accountability of intelligence agencies.
The official version
The Human Rights Commission of Pakistan had
made written and telephonic requests for interviews
with the Balochistan Chief Minister, the Inspector
General (IG) of FC in Balochistan, and the
Balochistan Police IG. However, despite repeated
calls and written requests the HRCP mission to
Balochistan was not granted appointments to meet
the chief minister and the Inspector General of FC.
The acting IG of Balochistan Police Ghalib Ali met
the mission.
The acting IG stated that the police had lodged
46 FIRs of cases of enforced disappearance at
different places in the province. About an attack
on members of the Hazara community in Quetta
on May 6, a day earlier, he said the attack had
taken place at a time when the police personnel
deputed for the night shift had ended their duty
and the policemen supposed to replace them for
the next shift had not yet been deployed. He denied
that a mobile police unit was present at the site
and its personnel did not act as the attackers
continued firing on the Hazaras for around 40
minutes. He said that there was a shortage of funds
to buy fuel for the police patrol vehicles. He referred
to a complaint by the Sibi District and Sessions
Judge to the Balochistan High Court (BHC) that
the accused imprisoned at Quetta were not being
produced in the courts in Sibi for hearing. He said
that after the police received directions from the
BHC to take the detained accused to courts in
different district, his department had informed the
court that they lacked the funds to buy fuel for
police vehicles, which was why the police were
unable to take under-trial prisoners to courts in
different districts.Asked by members of the mission
if any refresher course was being conducted to
train the police to deal with different crimes,
including incidents of terrorism, the acting IG stated
that he was not aware of any such course.
About incidents of enforced disappearance
where dead bodies of the victims were found from
different parts of the province, the acting police
chief said that the police registered an FIR
whenever a complaint was made. He said that police
investigation officers tried to identify the mutilated
bodies. He said that the complainants often stated
that those who had taken away a person were
members of intelligence agencies and were unable
to identify the specific agency that they suspected
of involvement. He said that the province had
become a hotbed of extremists of all sorts including
those seeking an independent Balochistan, or
ìgreaterî Balochistan.
He was of the view that the police could not
tackle the prevailing situation in the province on
their own. He conceded that people had developed
a lack of faith in the police force. There was also a
trust deficit in governance, ethics and credibility of
those in power. He also said after the revival of the
Levies force in B Areas of Balochistan, the police
could not intervene in those areas.2223
The HRCP fact-finding mission found the
situation in Balochistan to be extremely precarious.
The key findings of the mission are:
1. Agents of the state, as well as the
insurgents and extremists operating in the province
share a common disregard for rights of the citizens.
The insurgents have murdered ësettlersí in targeted
killings with impunity. A few amongst the Baloch
nationalist elements tacitly condone these killings
and others do not condemn them openly. The
extremists have treated members of religious
minorities as fair game. The state, which is expected
to hold itself to a higher standard, does not seem
to be perturbed by actions of its agents, something
that is apparent from a lack of investigation into
allegations of serious human rights violations.
There is strong evidence of involvement of the
security forces in enforced disappearances and
killings. FIRs registered against personnel of
security agencies remain uninvestigated without
exception. The police have not even managed to
get an audience with the personnel of security
forces accused of abducting the citizens, much less
investigate them, and the courts have failed to
ensure compliance with their orders.
2. Enforced disappearances continue to be
reported from all parts of the province. Little
headway has been made in ensuring the release
of a large number of missing persons f rom
unacknowledged custody of security agencies. The
Commission set up to investigate the cases of
enforced disappearance has been largely
ineffective, leading to peopleís frustration.
3. In a new and worrying trend mutilated
bodies of victims of enforced disappearance have
started turning up by the roadside and in desolate
places. These include several cases where
witnesses had held agents of the state responsible
for the disappearance. Not a single case has been
investigated.
4. All authority in the province seems to vest
with the security forces which enjoy complete
impunity.
5. There have been widespread complaints
against the attitude of the FC personnel at
checkpoints.
6. . The civil administration, elected by the
people and meant to represent them, appears to
have ceded its powers. The security forces in
Balochistan do not consider themselves
answerable or accountable to the political
government or judiciary, nor feel compelled to
cooperate with the civil administration.
7. The provincial government is seen as
powerless and irrelevant and is accused of failing
to raise issue of critical concern to the people, of a
general inability to govern and of total
subservience to military authority in the province.
The political parties do not engage in a discourse
among themselves on what their common demands
should be.
8. Use of force rather than political
engagement or dialogue remains the preferred
approach. Promises made in the Balochistan
package about concrete reform, inquiry into the
murder of Baloch leaders, release of missing
persons, economic opportunities for the people,
and rehabilitation and settlement of the internally
Findings and conclusions24
displaced persons in Balochistan remain little more
than promises.
9. There is an acute sense of fear in the
province, in particular among those whose relatives
have gone missing or have been released after
their enforced disappearance. People are hesitant
to pursue the cases for fear that other members of
their family might be targeted.
10. Targeted killings on the basis of ethnicity
and belief are rampant. Those targeted include
professionals such as teachers and doctors, as
well as traders.
11. Members of religious minority communities
speak of a heightened sense of insecurity amid
targeted killings and kidnappings for ransom. In
some instances, children have been taken out of
school because of safety concerns. The Hindus,
Ahmedis, and Hazara/Shias who have the means
have migrated abroad in view of the security
concerns. The relatively poor members of the
targeted communities have relocated to Quetta or
to other provinces. No effort has been made to
promote harmony and reconciliation among the
communities.
12. Rights of minority groups, women, children
and workers have been neglected.
13. Those who have the misfortune of being
non-Baloch ìsettlersî in Balochistan have been
doubly victimised. In a number of districts, large
areas have been cleansed of ìsettlerî populations.
14. Lawlessness has proliferated at an alarming
rate and has brought normal life and economic
activity to a halt. At least 78 organised gangs are
reported to be involved in abduction for ransom in
the province. There is a widespread perception
that criminal gangs and individuals involved in
heinous crime enjoy support of politicians and
security forces.
15. Human rights defenders and political
activists have been targeted for no reason other
than for raising their voice for peopleís rights and
exposing violations of human rights.
16. Involuntary displacement continues in the
province many years after the people were
uprooted because of conflict and natural and manmade disasters.
It is a matter of serious alarm that all of the
concerns that HRCP had highlighted after a factfinding mission to Balochistan in 2009 remain
unresolved and in many instances there has been
a marked deterioration. The mission also noted
new and more alarming violations of human rights
in 2011. HRCP is of the opinion that had a sincere
attempt been made to implement the
recommendations made at the conclusion of the
HRCP mission in 2009 the slide into chaos might
have been stopped, if not reversed. The challenges
that the state faces in Balochistan are substantial
indeed, but they are made even more difficult by
the stubborn refusal to include the people in
governance. At the risk of sounding repetitive,
HRCP emphasises that the voice of the people must
be heeded immediately.25
The mission found that all the
recommendations made by an earlier HRCP factfinding mission to Balochistan, in 2009, remain valid
but unimplemented. (See Annexure 1) It, therefore,
reiterated all those recommendations and hoped
that this time the recommendations would receive
more serious consideration and would be
implemented.
Additionally, the mission made the following
recommendations:
1. The illegal practice of enforced
disappearances represents a complete negation
of rule of law and must stop forthwith. The state
must ensure that actions of its agents remain within
the confines of the law and that derelictions are
investigated in a transparent and credible manner
and punished according to the law. All victims of
enforced disappearance must be immediately
traced, released and given compensation. Those
involved in illegally detaining them should be
prosecuted. For reasons identified, the Commission
of Inquiry on Enforced Disappearances does not
enjoy peopleís confidence. Their dissatisfaction
with the commission must be acknowledged and a
mechanism that has peopleís confidence must be
promptly introduced in order to investigate the
cases.
2. All security forces operating in the province
should be brought under civilian control. Any
operation conducted by law enforcement agencies
must be within the framework of rule of law, and
under civilian oversight. The Frontier Constabulary
should act only in aid of the civilian forces and under
civilian control. The civil armed forces, wherever
called in aid of civil authorities, should be under
the control and discipline of civilian administration.
In no case should they assume to themselves
police functions or act arbitrarily. There should be
an immediate end to the complete impunity from
the process of law that the FC currently enjoys in
Balochistan.
3. The task of policing in the province should
be restored to the police, which must be properly
trained, equipped and sensitised to ensure
restoration of law and order and respect for
peopleís rights. The police must exercise their
responsibility of recording FIRs and actively
investigating cases of enforced disappearances,
targeted killings, discovery of mutilated bodies, and
kidnappings for ransom. They should be given
confidence to investigate complaints lodged against
personnel of security forces involved in policing
duties, irrespective of the rank of the accused or
his affiliation with a security force.
4. The need for accountability of security
forces and for eliminating the complete impunity
with which serious human rights violations have
been committed by them has been ignored so far.
HRCP believes that illegalities by state agents
persist mainly because of the impunity they have
enjoyed so far and would cease to a large degree
as soon as it is clear that illegalities would not go
unpunished. HRCP emphasises that internal
security can never be guaranteed by violation of
rights. A formal mechanism should be established
to systematically hold the law enforcement and
security forces personnel accountable and probe
any complaints made against by the people. Such
a mechanism must inspire the peopleís confidence
and must be convenient and accessible.
5. No one other than the authorities
authorised by the law should take a person into
custody. A detained person must be promptly
informed about the charges against him, in
accordance with the constitutional guarantees,
should be produced in a court within 24 hours and
Recommendations26
his due process rights should be respected and
facilitated. Failure to observe these rights should
be vigorously prosecuted.
6. It is a matter of grave concern that victims
of enforced disappearance are now reappearing
as mutilated dead bodies thrown in desolate places
rather than being produced before courts of law.
Every single instance where a missing personís
body is found must be judicially probed and the
report made public. Families of the victims should
also be given compensation.
7. The powers of decision-making and
governance must be restored to civil political
authorities in the province. The provincial
government needs to assert its authority and act
in the interest of the people. The provincial
government must meet its obligation of ensuring
law and order and respect for all the rights of all
the people. It should not remain a spectator as
people are killed because of their religious beliefs
or ethnic identity. The government must ensure
protection of all teaching staff and see to it that
educational institutions function in a peaceful
manner. The rights of all the people, including the
so-called settlers, must be protected and violators
brought to justice.
8. The higher judiciary may instruct the
subordinate courts to actively pursue cases of
rights violations. The judiciary should also be more
assertive in ensuring compliance with its orders.
9. Complaints of support and patronage of
elements involved in heinous crime, such as
targeted killings and kidnappings for ransom, by
politicians and security forces must be thoroughly
probed, the findings made public and any individual
found guilty prosecuted.
10. The government must ensure, in
consultation with the targeted communities, that
all possible measures are taken to prevent targeted
killings, to effectively investigate the cases and
prosecute those accused. Proactive steps to
increase religious, communal and ethnic harmony
are in dire need and must be taken on priority.
11. Places of worship and gatherings of
minority religious communities must be protected
and the communities assured of their safety.
12. It is entirely unacceptable that a substantial
number of internally displaced persons in the
province remain uprooted and uncared for. Steps
to rehabilitate and, as far as possible, resettle all
displaced persons in the province in their native
areas must be given priority.
13. All victims of violence perpetrated by agents
of the state must be compensated adequately and
promptly.
14. The government must recognise and
prevent the great personal risks that human rights
defenders face in the prov ince. While the
government is under an obligation to provide a
secure environment to all people, it is all the more
important in the case of human rights defenders
for no reason other than the fact that without their
role many violations of human rights would go
unnoticed. Incidents of killing of human rights
defenders must be effectively pursued and no
effort should be spared to bring the killers to justice.
15. There is a dire need to end the climate of
fear in the province and to reassure the people.
Unless that happens the people would not pursue
legal remedies against agents of the state that they
hold responsible for violating their rights, especially
in the face of a state that has long looked the other
way when it should be focussed on protecting rights.
16. The political parties and the larger civil
society in Balochistan should hold wider
consultations on the way forward. In particular, the
political parties should engage in a discourse
among themselves to thrash out their common
demands to protect and promote the rights of the
people and the interests of Balochistan. The
political parties should also take up the situation in
Balochistan in parliament. All political forces in the
province should be brought into the political
mainstream.
17. Improvement in the law and order situation
is imperative for economic activity, which is vital to
overcome poverty and large-scale unemployment
in the province.
18. The steps announced by the government
with the stated aim to empower and reassure the
people in Balochistan have not had the desired
effect. Measures in the spirit of ameliorating the
lot of the people must continue to be pursued and
implemented.27
Annexures2829
Annex 1
Recommendations by HRCP fact-finding mission to Balochistan in 2009
1. There is an urgency to create a climate of
confidence and trust in Balochistan so that wider
consultation with all stakeholders becomes
possible. As a first step towards confidencebuilding, demilitarisation of the province is
essential.
2. There is a need to restructure laws related
to civil armed forces and define their role and the
substance of reform needs to be debated in
parliament.
3. In the long run, all political forces of the
province should be brought into the political
mainstream.
4. The people of Balochistan need to be
assured that they will have full authority to decide
their affairs including the management and control
of the provinceís natural resources.
5. Baloch peopleís overriding concerns about
missing persons and displaced people should be
addressed and decision-making powers restored
to civilian, elected representatives of the people.
On the issue of disappearances there is need to
set up a high-level commission with powers to
investigate cases of disappearance, examine
witnesses and summon any state functionary who
has had anything to do with these matters.
6. All those illegally held must be freed and
compensated. Political prisoners need to be
released and perpetrators of human rights
violations brought to justice.
7. There is a need to raise awareness among
the people outside Balochistan on what is going
on in the province.
8. There is a need to set up industrial zones in
Quetta and other urban centres of the province
where the young people could use their potential
and get employment.
9. Civil society needs to increase its activities
in Balochistan to monitor the human rights situation
and democratic development and mainstream the
concerns of the Balochistan people.
10. National mediaís coverage of Balochistan
is sketchy and inadequate; it needs to allocate
more print space and airtime to the issues
conf ronting Balochistan. The coverage of
Balochistan issues needs to be made part of the
national coverage.
11. The quality of education is quite low in
Balochistan and owing to continued violence and
subsequent closure of educational institutions the
students of Balochistan have suffered in terms of
education. In the circumstances, Baloch students
cannot compete with the students of other
provinces and need to be given preferential
treatment in admission to colleges and universities
and in government employment.
12. Last, but not the least, actions speak louder
than words. The government needs to take
practical steps to provide relief to the people of
Balochistan, such as providing employment to the
youth, increased funds for the provincial
government, withdrawal of army and paramilitaries
from the Baloch territory, release of political
prisoners and disappeared persons and
constitutional amendments for greater provincial
autonomy. In short a political settlement is urgently
needed and vital if Balochistan is to be spared any
more pain.30
Annex 2
HRCP list of Missing persons in Balochistan
(updated until May 29, 2011)
Sr. # Name Parentage
Date of
disappearance
District Status
1. Abdul Hai Bangulzai Abdul Wahab Bangulzai 29.08.2009 Quetta Traced
2. Abdul Hameed Baloch Ghulam Shad 14.03.2007 Kech Missing
3. Abdul Kabeer Baloch Ghaus Bux 27.03.2009 Khuzdar Missing
4. Abdul Qadir Langove 08.09.2009 Quetta Missing
5. Abdul Qayyum Comrade Nazar Muhammad 11.12.2010 Gwadar Dead body
found
6. Abdul Raheem 26.12.2006 Gadani Traced
7. Abdul Rasool Marri 01.02.2008 Quetta Missing
8. Abdul Rehman Ghulam Hussain 03.09.2010 Gwadar Missing
9. Abdul Sattar Dad Muhammad 15.08.2010 Panjgur Dead body
found
10. Abdul Wahab Noor Muhammad 08.03.2010 Turbat Missing
11. Abdul Whaid Baloch Haji Aali 14.03.2007 Kech Traced
12. Agha Abid Shah Syed Gul Agha 15.08.2010 Panjgur Dead body
found
13. Ahmed Dad Dad Muhammad 03.10.2010 Turbat Dead body
found
14. Ahmed Ali Ali Ahmed 16.05.2011 Turbat Dead body
found
15. Akhtar Langove 23.04.2011 Quetta Dead body
found
16. Alam Pirkani 24.09.2000 Khuzdar Traced
17. Ali Ahmad Marri 21.02.2005 Sibi Traced
18. Ali Ahmed Baloch 02.05.2009 Quetta Missing
19. Ali Asghar Bangulzai 18.10.2002 Quetta Missing
20. Amanullah 30.10.2006 Karak Traced
21. Attaullah Baloch 27.03.2009 Khuzdar Missing
22. Azizullah Wadera Shah Nawaz
Marri
25.09.2006 Quetta Traced
23. Bahar Khan Baig Muhammad 30.06.2010 Quetta Dead body
found
24. Bashir Azeem, Dr. 06.02.2009 Sibi Missing
25. Bakhtiar Bangulzai 03.03.2009 Sibi Missing
26. Bibarg 15.02.2007 Turbat Traced
27. Burgh Marri 05.06.2006 Quetta Missing
28. Chakar Qambrani 06.02.2009 Quetta Traced31
Sr. # Name Parentage
Date of
disappearance
District Status
29. Chakar Khan Marri Jamil Ahmed 03.09.2009 Quetta Missing
30. Daad Rehman 26.12.2006 Gadani Traced
31. Din Muhammad Baloch,
Dr.
Qadir Bakhsh 29.06.2009 Khuzdar Missing
32. Din Muhammad 26.12.2006 Gadani Traced
33.
34. Ehsan Arjumandi 07.08.2009 Lasbela Missing
35. Faiz Muhammad Raheem Dad 03.05.2009 Kech Missing
36. Faiz Muhammad 15.03.2007 Sibi Traced
37. Fareed Ahmed Baloch Abdul Haleem 11.02.2011 Panjgur Dead body
found
38. Farooq Marri, Haji 05.06.2006 Quetta Missing
39. Farooq Mengal Ghulam Rasool 10.05.2010 Quetta Dead body
found
40. Fazal Karim Sher Muhammad 01.07.2009 Kalat Missing
41. Fazal Baloch Dur Muhammad 14.03.2007 Kech Traced
42. Fazaluddin 27.09.2009 Mastung Missing
43. Ghulam Muhammad 08.12.2005 Turbat Dead body
found
44. Gohram Saleh Saleh Muhammad 08.08.2004 Gwadar Traced
45. Ghulam Nabi Saleh Muhammad 01.08.2009 Quetta Missing
46. Ghulam Qadir 22.05.2011 Turbat Missing
47. Gul Muhammad 15.02.2007 Turbat Missing
48. Gul Muhammad Haji Parthwani 18.11.2005 Sibi Traced
49. Habibullah Wadera Shahnawaz Marri 25.09.2006 Kohlu Traced
50. Hameed Baloch 13.12.2010 Panjgur Dead body
found
51. Haneef Yousuf Muhammad Yousuf 20.05.2011 Gwadar Missing
52. Hanif Bugti, Dr. November 2005 Dera Bugti Traced
53. Hashim Pirkani 21.09.2000 Khuzdar Missing
54. Hassan Bugti Haji Abdul Wahid 10.06.2005 Traced
55. Hidayatullah Bangulzai Muhammad Akbar 03.09.2009 Quetta Missing
56. Ibrahim Khalil Marri Ahmed Khan 09.03.2006 Kohlu Traced
57. Imran Baloch 02.05.2009 Quetta Missing
58. Irshad Nasir 26.11.2010 Kech Missing
59. Jaffar Khan Marri Ali Jan 05.06.2006 Quetta Missing
60. Jalal Khan Marri 21.02.2005 Traced
61. Jalil Rakei 06.02.2009 Quetta Missing
62. Jasim Baloch Saleh Muhammad 14.03.2007 Kech Traced
63. Johar Ali Faqeer Muhammad 15.01.2011 Gwadar Missing
64. Kaka Marri Pehlwan Marri 21.10.2006 Quetta Missing
65. Kamran Ghulam Sarwar 04.11.2010 Quetta Missing32
Sr. # Name Parentage
Date of
disappearance
District Status
66. Karim Bakhsh Mengal 26.12.2006 Gadani Traced
67. Khai Jan Marri Baz Muhammad 04.07.2007 Quetta Missing
68. Khalid Baloch Doshambey 21.05.2011 Turbat Dead body
found
69. Khalil Ahmed Langove 09.10.2006 Quetta Traced
70. Khuda Dad 26.12.2006 Gadani Traced
71. Khuda-e-Rahim Baloch Hassan Bakhsh 03.08.2007 Washuk Traced
72. Khuda-e-Rahim
Bangulzai
Murid Khan 11.12.2010 Quetta Dead body
found
73. Master Safeer Ghaus Bux Baloch 15.08.2010 Panjgur Dead body
found
74. Mazar Baloch 22.05.2011 Turbat Missing
75. Mir Chakar Khan Marri Mir Taj Muhammad Marri 05.06.2006 Quetta Traced
76. Mir Kamal Khan Sanjrani 06.03.2009 Dalbandin Missing
77. Mir Muhammad Marri Ali Jan 05.06.2006 Missing
78. Mir Safar Khan Marri Mir Alam Khan 04.07.2007 Quetta Missing
79. Mir Samad Marri 05.06.2006 Quetta Missing
80. Mir Zafar Yaqoob
Nosherwani
Nawabzada Yaqoob
Nosherwani
21.08.2009 Quetta Traced
81. Moheem Khan Yar Muhammad 09.02.2007 Turbat Traced
82. Moheem Khan Marri 03.02.2007 Quetta Traced
83. Mushtaq Ali Rodeni 27.03.2009 Khuzdar Missing
84. Mushtaq Baloch Ali Ahmed 27.03.2009 Khuzdar Missing
85. Muhammad Anwar 26.12.2006 Traced
86. Muhammad Azam Haji Mehrab 06.05.2011 Gwadar Missing
87. Muhammad Iqbal Abdul Rehman 14.03.2007 Turbat Missing
88. Muhammad Iqbal Shambay Khan 03.07.2009 Panjgur Missing
89. Muhammad Jan Muhammad Bilal 18.04.2011 Khuzdar Dead body
found
90. Mujeeb Ahmed Baloch Abdul Majeed 01.09.2009 Khuzdar Missing
91. Murid Bugti 05.02.2009 Dera Bugti Missing
92. Nabeel Sahib Sahib Khan 13.10.2011 Gwadar Missing
93. Najeebullah Ghulam Qadir Qambrani 22.10.2009 Quetta Traced
94. Naseer Ahmed Kamalan 05.11.2010 Gwadar Dead body
found
95. Naseer Ahmed 11.11.2009 Quetta Traced
96. Nasir Ali Baloch 03.09.2009 Turbat Missing
97. Nauroz Baloch 20.05.2011 Turbat Missing
98. Nawaz Ali Baloch Ghulam Yaseen 14.03.2007 Kech Missing
99. Niaz Muhammad 08.12.2005 Quetta Traced
100. Noor Ahmed Mengal Haji Sher Muhammad 26.12.2006 Gadani Traced
101. Noor Jan Zamurani Muhammad Hassan
Nagzamurani
09.02.2007 Kech Traced33
Sr. # Name Parentage
Date of
disappearance
District Status
102. Qadir Bakhsh 26.12.2006 Traced
103. Raees Jameel Ahmed Muhammad Yaqoob 28.08.2010 Turbat Dead body
found
104. Raheem Yousuf Muhammad Yousuf 20.05.2011 Gwadar Missing
105. Ramzan Murad 24.07.2010 Turbat Missing
106. Ramzan Muhammad Yaqoob 29.05.2011 Turbat Missing
107. Raza Ahmed Marri Ahmedan Marri 28.08.2006 Sibi Missing
108. Razi Khan Marri - 21.10.2006 Sibi Traced
109. Rindo Khan Marri 05.06.2006 Quetta Missing
110. Saadullah Baloch Haji Abdul Raheem 24.08.2009 Khuzdar Missing
111. Safari Marri Alam Khan Mandani Marri 08.01.2006 Traced
112. Saifullah Haji Abdul Bari Ababki 15.11.2005 Quetta Missing
113. Saeed Mengal March 2008 Dalbandin Traced
114. Saeed-ur-Rehman, Hafiz Allah Bakhsh Mangalzai 04.07.2003 Quetta Missing
115. Saleem Langove Muhammad Siddique 17.11.2008 Quetta Missing
116. Sameer Rasheed 13.10.2010 Quetta Dead body
found
117. Sameer Rind Mir Abdul Karim Rind 14.10. 2010 Turbat Missing
118. Samiullah Baloch 19.07.2009 Noshki Missing
119. Sanaullah M. Hassani Shah Muhammad 26.02.2008 Quetta Missing
120. Shah Gul Marri 05.06.2006 Quetta Missing
121. Shahdaad Pathan 02.05.2010 Gwadar Missing
122. Shahzaib Baloch 02.02.2009 Panjgur Traced
123. Shameem Baloch Muhammad Ameen
Baloch
21.04.2011 Turbat Dead body
found
124. Shamsuddin Muhammad Usman 01.07.2010 Quetta Missing
125. Shari Ahmed Marri 05.06.2006 Quetta Missing
126. Siddique Eido Eido 21.12.2010 Gwadar Dead body
found
127. Surri Ahmad Khan Hajihan Marri 01.10.2006 Traced
128. Takari Muhammad
Hashim
Ghulam Qadir 21.07.2009 Kalat Missing
129. Tariq Ali Baloch Mula Essa 14.11.2010 Turbat Dead body
found
130. Tariq Karim Muhammad Karim 21.10.2010 Karachi Dead body
found from
Lasbela
131. Wadera Jalal Marri 06.05.2006 Traced
132. Waleed Afzal Muhammad Afzal 13.10.2011 Gwadar Missing
133. Yaqoob Marri Mirjan Tangyani Marri 03.02.2006 Kohlu Traced
134. Yar Muhammad Mehmood Baloch 09.02.2007 Turbat Traced
135. Yasir Ali Nasir Ali 13.10.2010 Turbat Missing34
Sr. # Name Parentage
Date of
disappearance
District Status
136. Yahya Khan Marri 12.08.2006 Quetta Missing
137. Yousaf Nazar Nazar Muhammad 21.12.2010 Gwadar Dead body
found
138. Zafar Mengal 26.12.2006 Gadani Traced
139. Zahid Baloch Haji Ibrahim 14.03.2007 Kech Traced
140. Zahid Karim Bakhsh 19.03.2006 Traced
141. Zakir Majeed Abdul Majeed Bizenjo 08.06.2009 Khuzdar Missing
142. Zareef Faraz Balach Baloch 21.04.2011 Gwadar Dead body
found
143. Zubair Haji Muhammad Noor 05.05.2011 Turbat Missing35
Annex 3
Bodies of missing persons found in Balochistan (July 2010 - May 2011)
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بامسار بلوچ
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Balochistan Blinkered slide into chaos Report of an HRCP fact-finding mission June 2011

Post  بامسار بلوچ on Sat Jul 16, 2011 6:16 am

Controller computers: Rehan Latif KhanContents
Introduction ..................................................................................................................................... 1
The fact-finding mission ................................................................................................................. 3
Visit to Turbat ............................................................................................................................. 3
Visit to Khuzdar ........................................................................................................................ 10
Visit to Quetta........................................................................................................................... 12
The price of defending rights .................................................................................................. 18
Findings and conclusions ............................................................................................................ 23
Recommendations ....................................................................................................................... 25
Annexures
Annex 1: Recommendations by HRCP fact-finding mission to Balochistan in 2009 ................. 29
Annex 2: Missing persons in Balochistan .................................................................................... 30
Annex 3: Bodies of missing persons found in Balochistan (Jul 2010 - May 2011) .................... 35
Annex 4: FIRs lodged against security agenciesí personnel in cases of disappearances ....... 43
Annex 5: Targeted killings in Balochistan in 2011 ...................................................................... 45
Annex 6: Sectarian killings in Balochistan in 2011 ..................................................................... 471
Balochistan is Pakistanís largest province,
comprising approximately 43 percent of the
countryís total land area. It is rich in mineral
resources and is the second major supplier of
natural gas in an energy-starved Pakistan. Control
over these resources and the extent of provincial
autonomy have long remained contentious issues.
But a larger issue has remained the exclusion of
the Baloch people from the decision making
regarding how their affairs are governed and
persistence of the state with the use of force to
address questions that are essentially political in
nature.
Balochistan stands out for more than one
reason even in the appalling human rights situation
across Pakistan today. The stateís security
apparatus in the province has been accused of
serious human rights violations. By far the largest
number of enforced disappearances in any
province of the country has been reported from
Balochistan. In a recent aggravation, bodies of
missing persons have started turning up in the
province with increasing frequency. The right to
life and freedom from arbitrary detention are
violated with impunity. Violent streaks of
sectarianism, extremism, nationalism and
separatism have all played a part. An armed
insurgency is underway in the province. Bands of
extremists have a free hand in intimidating and
killing people. Targeted killings and kidnappings
for ransom are pervasive. Members of religious
minority communities are at greater risk and have
been forced to migrate to other parts of the country
and abroad. Journalists and human rights
defenders have been targeted for highlighting
violations of rights. The state accuses other
countries of seeking to destabilise Pakistan by
interfering in Balochistan. Even if such a role is
there, it has been made possible because the
situation was volatile enough to begin with.
Besides demands such as the release of the
missing persons, the people in Balochistan also
have the same demands and yearn for the same
rights as the people elsewhere in Pakistan. They
demand realisation of their economic, social,
cultural and political rights, in particular access to
healthcare, education and work opportunities,
building and improvement of basic infrastructure,
and a say in matters that affect their life, including
their rights over natural resources.
Deeply concerned by the rapidly deteriorating
situation in Balochistan, the Human Rights
Commission of Pakistan (HRCP) organised a factfinding mission to the province from May 4 to 7,
2011.
Earlier, HRCP had conducted detailed factfinding missions to Balochistan in 2005 and 2009.
In October 2009, the entire Executive Council of
HRCP spent one week in Balochistan, visiting
various parts of the province to see firsthand the
human rights situation as well as to meet senior
government officials and representatives of the
people. At the conclusion of the 2009 mission,
HRCP had suggested the following
recommendations with a view to improve the
situation. These remain as relevant and direly
needed today as they were in 2009.
1. There is an urgency to create a climate of
confidence and trust in Balochistan so that wider
consultation with all stakeholders becomes
possible. As a first step towards confidencebuilding, demilitarisation of the province is
essential.
2. There is a need to restructure laws related
to civil armed forces and define their role and the
Introduction2
substance of reform needs to be debated in
parliament.
3. In the long run, all political forces of the
province should be brought into the political
mainstream.
4. The people of Balochistan need to be
assured that they will have full authority to decide
their affairs including the management and control
of the provinceís natural resources.
5. Baloch peopleís overriding concerns about
missing persons and displaced people should be
addressed and decision-making powers restored
to civilian, elected representatives of the people.
On the issue of disappearances there is need to
set up a high-level commission with powers to
investigate cases of disappearance, examine
witnesses and summon any state functionary who
has had anything to do with these matters.
6. All those illegally held must be freed and
compensated. Political prisoners need to be
released and perpetrators of human rights
violations brought to justice.
7. There is a need to raise awareness among
the people outside Balochistan on what is going
on in the province.
8. There is a need to set up industrial zones in
Quetta and other urban centres of the province
where the young people could use their potential
and get employment.
9. Civil society needs to increase its activities
in Balochistan to monitor the human rights situation
and democratic development and mainstream the
concerns of the Balochistan people.
10. National mediaís coverage of Balochistan
is sketchy and inadequate; it needs to allocate
more print space and airtime to the issues
conf ronting Balochistan. The coverage of
Balochistan issues needs to be made part of the
national coverage.
11. The quality of education is quite low in
Balochistan and owing to continued violence and
subsequent closure of educational institutions the
students of Balochistan have suffered in terms of
education. In the circumstances, Baloch students
cannot compete with the students of other
provinces and need to be given preferential
treatment in admission to colleges and universities
and in government employment.
12. Last, but not the least, actions speak louder
than words. The government needs to take
practical steps to provide relief to the people of
Balochistan, such as providing employment to the
youth, increased funds for the provincial
government, withdrawal of army and paramilitaries
from the Baloch territory, release of political
prisoners and disappeared persons and
constitutional amendments for greater provincial
autonomy. In short a political settlement is urgently
needed and vital if Balochistan is to be spared any
more pain.
The May 2011 fact-finding mission by HRCP
was also aimed at assessing what changes had
taken place in Balochistan since October 2009.
Members of the mission visited Khuzdar, Turbat
and Quetta and met a wide cross-section of people.
They also met government officials, wherever they
responded positively to HRCPís requests for
meetings.3
From May 4 to 7, 2011, the HRCP fact-finding
mission for Balochistan visited Quetta, Khuzdar and
Turbat (Makran) to meet people from all walks of
life with a view to get first hand information on the
human rights situation in the province. The mission
was divided into two teams, one meeting
representatives of a cross-section of society in
Turbat from May 5 to 7 and the other in Quetta
(May 4, 5 and 7) and Khuzdar (May 6). In this report,
many individuals interviewed by members of the
mission have not been identified by their name for
the sake of their safety.
The mission members were HRCP Chairperson
Zohra Yusuf, Co-chairperson Kamran Arif, former
chairperson Dr Mehdi Hasan, HRCP Balochistan
chapter Vice Chairperson Tahir Hussain Khan,
HRCP Sindh chapter Vice Chairperson Amarnath
Motomal, HRCP Council members Hina Jilani,
Zahoor Ahmed Shahwani and Habib Tahir, and
HRCP National Coordinator for District Core Groups
Husain Naqi. The mission members were assisted
in their work by Fareed Ahmad, coordinator of
HRCP Balochistan chapter, Ghani Parwaz, HRCP
coordinator in Turbat, and Kamal Ayub, Turbat
District Core Group Coordinator.
At the outset the mission expressed serious
concern that the threats against human rights
defenders in Balochistan had become particularly
grave. HRCP expressed its deep anger and
sadness at the killing of two of its activists, Siddique
Eido and Naeem Sabir, in 2011. HRCP also
expressed alarm at the lack of efforts to punish
their killers despite repeated reminders.
At the conclusion of the visit, the HRCP
chairperson announced the preliminary findings of
the mission at a press conference in Quetta.
Visit to Turbat
Main areas of inquiry
A. Disappearances:
The mission interviewed family members of
eight missing persons from various districts of
Makran Division. Other material was also collected
to assess the situation. The issue of the
disappeared was also raised in a meeting with the
Commissioner of Makran Division, and the District
Coordination Officer (DCO) and District Police
Officer (DPO) of Kech district.
The mission received information on
disappearances from HRCP activists. Official
figures on the disappeared were also obtained.
Findings and observations
In the cases of enforced disappearance
brought before it, the mission found that there were
credible allegations of the involvement of state
security forces, particular ly the Frontier
Constabulary (FC).
There was material on record to substantiate
claims of the families that the victims were
disappeared by the FC or had been killed while in
custody. Many of the disappearances had occurred
at public places. In others, some of the individuals
picked up along with the still missing persons had
returned and confirmed that they were held in FC
custody. However, they could not confirm the
whereabouts of those still missing as, reportedly,
everyone was confined separately during their
detention. While the abductors were reported to
be men in plain clothes most of the time, the mission
also heard of cases where some of them were in
The fact-finding mission4
FC uniform.
Of those who reappeared after prolonged
disappearances, most were left at remote places,
and could not identify the exact location of their
place of detention. This could be because of fear
of retaliation for revealing any information
regarding their custody by the FC, or because they
were detained in such a manner that made it
impossible for them to locate these places.
While First Information Reports (FIRs) had
been registered with the local police in almost all
cases of enforced disappearance, there had been
no efforts by the police to investigate the cases. It
seemed that the involvement of the state security
agencies, particularly the FC, was well known and
the police did not take any action despite the cases
being brought to their attention. This indicated that
there was either an unstated policy not to interfere
with actions of the FC or the civil law enforcement
authorities themselves feared the military and
paramilitary forces. In one particular case, a young
man named Abid Saleem was picked up from
Chitkar Bazaar in Panjgur on January 23, 2011
together with five other men, who had no connection
with him. Everyone present in that part of the bazaar
saw uniformed FC personnel together with
plainclothesmen take the boys into custody. An FIR
was registered on January 26, 2011 with Panjgur
Police Station and FC personnel were nominated
for the disappearance. This was one of the many
cases noted by the mission where FC personnel
had been specifically nominated in the FIR on
charges of abducting individuals. However, the
mission did not come across even a single case
where the police had included the FC personnel in
the investigation. Instead of making any efforts to
recover the disappeared persons, the police did
not even ask any questions of the FC personnel.
(See Annexure 4)
The mission learnt that at least one of the
persons picked up along with Abid Saleem was
found alive. He had been shot and severe torture
was inflicted on him and he was thrown by the
roadside together with the dead body of another
person disappeared with him on January 23 from
Chitkar Bazaar in Panjgur. His tormentors had
apparently thought that he too had died after being
shot in the throat. There had been no investigation
in this case by the police although an FIR was
registered at the time of the disappearance. No
medical records were collected, even though,
reportedly, the survivor did receive medical
treatment.
The mission did not meet any person who had
returned from enforced disappearance, but from
information given by the families of the disappeared
with whom they had reportedly been in touch, it
appeared that torture during detention was
common.
The mission noted that the civil authorities in
Makran Division were accessible to the people and
in almost all cases heard by the mission the families
of the victims approached them to brief them on
their cases. However, the FC and other intelligence
and security agencies involved were totally
Families of missing persons voice their concerns.5
inaccessible to the people. The mission was
informed that the people distrusted the security
forces as much as they feared them.
The people were generally disappointed by the
role of the political figures in their area. While they
acknowledge that these people were sympathetic
and accessible for listening to their grievances, they
were completely helpless and had no influence over
the military and paramilitary authorities. The people
were aggrieved that these political elements lacked
the courage to take political initiatives to curb the
illegal activities of the FC.
Enforced disappearances have created an
acute climate of fear amongst the people of Makran
Division, with many families affected by such
incidents. These incidents have contributed to the
growing alienation of the people from the state and
hatred towards the security forces and intelligence
agencies under the control of the Pakistan military.
The mission observed that young men between
16 to 25 years of age were being particularly
targeted. Many of them were either students or
unemployed youth. Some of the incidents indicated
random picking up of young men, for example, from
picnic spots and markets.
The mission was unable to gain authentic
information on the affiliation, or otherwise, of any
of the disappeared with any political or armed
groups, nor was it in a position to ascertain their
political views. It is, nevertheless, a distinct
possibility that many of these young persons
were targeted because of their political views
rather than any legitimate suspicion of their
involvement in illegal activities.
Many of those interviewed by the mission had
appeared before the Commission of Inquiry on
Enforced Disappearances set up by the
government in early 2010. While most of them
initially had high expectations of that Commission,
its inability to procure the recovery of their missing
relatives had given way to disillusionment and
disappointment even with the judicial process
employed by the Supreme Court.
Some of those who had appeared before the
inquiry commission complained of intimidation by
the intelligence personnel present at the
hearings. Reportedly, the commission members did
not intervene in such instances to reassure or give
a sense of secur ity to the family members
appearing before it or to discourage the intelligence
personnel from such conduct.
Relatives of the missing persons complained
about the inquiry commissionís expectation that the
families would produce witnesses, when neither the
commission nor the government had made any
arrangements for protection of witnesses. The
witnesses themselves and the families of the
disappeared feared for the safety of the witnesses
and did not want to risk exposing themselves to
ìmischief of the agenciesî.
They also complained that it was a financial
burden for them to appear before the inquiry
commission in Quetta and Karachi. The commission
had made no arrangements for their travel nor
reimbursed the travel cost. Some people had
appeared before the commission more than once.
They claimed that when the inquiry commission
called for statements to be recorded by the local
police, the statements were either tampered before
being forwarded to the commission or those
recording the statement were intimidated or coerced
into holding back facts that substantiated
allegations against the security agencies.
Almost all the people that the mission met who
had filed petitions in the Balochistan High Court
against incidents of enforced disappearance were
Figures on enforced disappearances in Makran:
Jan 1, 2007 ñ May 5, 2011
HRCP figures as on May 5, 2011
District Kech: ........................................................ 9
District Gawadar: ................................................. 7
District Panjgur:.................................................... 6
Total: .................................................................. 22
Official figures obtained by HRCP
Total missing reported in 2010 & 2011: ........... 53
Returned: .......................................................... 11
Dead bodies found: .......................................... 22
Still missing: ....................................................... 206
disappointed and complained of lack of judicial
independence, competence and capacity to give
relief. Many had the disturbing perception that the
judiciary in the province was deliberately refraining
from interfering in the policies and actions of the
security forces.
B. Extra-judicial and targeted killings:
The mission gathered facts and figures
indicating the occurrence of a large number of
extra-judicial killings in Makran Division over the
past two years.
The official figures indicated that 22 dead
bodies of persons reported to be missing had been
found from different places. These were treated
by the mission as cases of extra-judicial killings as
the families of these persons had all claimed that
they were ìdisappearedî by personnel of state
security forces and were later killed in custody.
HRCP activists have listed 48 dead bodies of
victims of enforced disappearance from Makran in
the past one year.
The mission also heard of one incident in Turbat
in which five persons were killed by FC personnel
during an armed operation at the house of Ayub
Jan Gichki, a local farmer and a leader of
Balochistan National Party, on December 1, 2010.
Those killed included two sons of Ayub Gichki and
three other men. The FC personnel had taken a
sixth man into custody.
From the information it received from the family
and from the civil administration officials involved
(the Commissioner, and the DCO), the mission
could not but conclude that the incident was a case
of deliberate killing by FC personnel. The mission
heard credible accounts that supported the version
of the family that no opportunity was given to the
five men to surrender, even though assurances
had been given while the men were still alive that
they would surrender and would be handed over
to the FC if the firing stopped and Ayub Gichki was
allowed to proceed to the house with local notables.
However, Gichki was stopped about one kilometre
away at an FC checkpoint and was not allowed
through. He then contacted the Commissioner, the
DCO, a senator and other influential political
people, who joined him at the check point but were
not allowed to proceed to the house.
The mission also visited the site and saw the
house that bore marks of mortar and gunfire. One
room of the house seemed to have been burnt by
fire caused by the shelling. The destruction of the
house observed by the mission pointed to
disproportionate use of force by the FC. The
mission noted that even if the FC version was true
that a Kalashnikov rifle and two pistols had been
recovered from the house and that
they had been fired on from inside
the house, any firing from the three
weapons could not justify the intense
retaliation by the FC that lasted for
nearly nine hours, from around 4:30
am until 2 pm.
No inquiry had been ordered to
ascertain the facts or to attribute
responsibility for the incident,
despite the serious charge of extrajudicial killings in an operation in
which the use of disproportionate
force was obvious, five people had
been killed, and where denial of an
opportunity of surrender was
apparent f rom the accounts of
The house targeted in Turbat in the FC operation.7
responsible civil authorities.
The mission expressed concern that the blatant
use of force by the paramilitary force without any
accountability had not received any response from
the civilian government in the province. No voice
was even raised in the Balochistan Assembly with
reference to the incident, in which the civil
authorities were direct witnesses to the
interventions with the FC at the local and provincial
level in an attempt to spare the lives of the five
men.
The mission noted that concerns raised by the
United Nations, other international forums and
human rights organizations had contributed to the
pressure on the government to provide information
in cases of killing of human rights defenders and
other serious violations of human rights. The
mission was shown requests sent to the authorities
by the UN Special Rapporteur on Extrajudicial
Summary or Arbitrary Executions as well as from
the Working Group on Enforced or Involuntary
Disappearances seeking information on progress
in the cases of HRCP activists Siddique Eido and
Naeem Sabir. Siddique Eido had become a victim
of enforced disappearance in Pasni in December
2010 and his dead body was found from Ormara
on April 28, 2011. Naeem Sabir was murdered in a
targeted killing in Khuzdar on March 1, 2011.
The mission also received information on
targeted killing of non-Baloch in Makran Division.
Although still relatively fewer in number, the climate
of fear that such killings had created amongst the
non-Baloch residents in the region was intense.
The mission noted that little had been done to
investigate the cases and the tendency to relegate
responsibility for these killings to vague, unidentified
entities was contributing to a sense of insecurity
amongst the targeted population of abadgaars
(settlers from other regions of the country). The
mission also noted with regret that a few amongst
the Baloch nationalist elements tacitly condoned
these killings and explained them as a ìnatural
reactionî to the oppression in the province.
The mission strongly disagreed with such
sentiments and categorically stated that no cause
justified the killing of innocent people and
considered that anyone involved in such practices
was committing a heinous crime and violating all
principles of human rights.
C. Governance and law enforcement:
i. Civil-military relations in the province
The mission noted the absence of the political
government and the civil authorities from critical
areas of decision making. The political government
had abdicated its responsibility towards the people
and hid behind its own helplessness in the face of
domination of the military and intelligence agencies
in the decision making process in the province.
Several incidents recorded by the mission on
enforced disappearances, extra-judicial killings and
other lawless actions of the security forces depicted
the manner in which the political government had
failed in its responsibility to protect peopleís rights
and fundamental freedoms. The mission found it
even more disturbing that the government officials
at the higher level did not even attempt to negotiate
on behalf of the people, and the political elements
had not taken any political initiatives to change the
power equation in the province.
The civil authorities at the local level were more
willing to intervene with the military and paramilitary
forces, albeit without much success. The mission
noted in particular the complete disregard of the
military authorities towards the political government
and the civil authorities. There was not even a
semblance of following the prescribed rules of
governance under a democratic dispensation which
made the situation in Balochistan different from that
in the other provinces. The Makran civil
administration was very open in their criticism of
their marginalisation by the security apparatus from
the law and order crisis. The Commissioner said
that they did not even know what the militaryís
security imperatives were in Makran Division. He
emphasised that there was a security crisis and
an insurgency was under way in the province and
that this reality could not be ignored. He stressed
the need for a civil intelligence network that would
be accountable to the civil government, be that8
provincial or federal. The mission concluded from
the information it received that the civil authorities
were not being taken on board and there was no
sharing of information by the military authorities,
which made administration of law and order by the
civil authorities impossible.
The impact on the people of a lack of
democratic governance was more visible because
of the complete inaccessibility of the security forces
to the people. The mission noted that the military
and intelligence agencies were equally inaccessible
for the civil authorities. In the meeting with the
Makran Division Commissioner the mission became
aware of the frustration of the top local authorities
when they were informed that the local commander
of the FC became unavailable for any meeting
called by the Commissioner and attended only
when it suited him, regardless of the importance of
the matters on the agenda. The HRCP mission also
experienced this inaccessibility when, despite
repeated requests, it was not granted an
opportunity to meet with the local FC commander
in Makran or the FC Inspector General in Quetta.
The mission, therefore, had no opportunity to get
the FC version regarding the serious allegations
against the paramilitary force.
On the other hand, it was observed that despite
the knowledge that the civil authorities had no power
to help them, people continued to approach the
civil authorities and the political elements, including
those in the government.
ii. Political viewpoints
The mission met with representatives of political
parties and groups that represented a spectrum
of political positions and opinion in the province.
These groups included:
 Balochistan National Party
 Balochistan National Party-Mengal
 Balochistan Students Organization
 Baloch Republican Students Organization
(Bramdagh Bugti Group)
 Balochistan Students Organization-Azad
 Jamaat-e-Islami
While most of these groups had common
grievances against the state, the alienation from
the state was at varying degrees. The student
groups, in particular were insistent that the Baloch
had no option but to demand independence from
Pakistan. Many of these groups did not support
use of violence as par t of the struggle for
independence, but were very clear that the struggle
was legitimate and that their right to self -
determination should be a part of the political
discourse on Balochistan. There were, however,
those who felt that violence was justified as part of
the struggle for an independent Balochistan in the
face of aggression and repression by the security
forces in the province. The representatives of one
such group that met with the mission were extremely
bitter because of what they saw as ìthe injustices
by the Punjabî.
The demands of the pro-independence groups
were:
 Removal of military and paramilitary forces
from the province as a demonstration of a genuine
commitment to end ìoccupationî of the province;
 Eviction of all ìsettlersî from the province,
especially the Afghan refugees who had settled in
the province permanently with rights of residence
bestowed on them to change the demography of
the province;
 Restoration of the traditional Baloch
territories, e.g., Jacobabad;
 Independence of Balochistan as a separate
state.
Within an independent Balochistan they wished
to establish:
a. An end to the tribal system;
b. Liberal, social democracy;
c. A secular state with equality of status for all
citizens.
The political parties, however, spoke about selfdetermination more in the context of autonomy.
They bitterly complained against the current
political government, pointing towards corruption,
failure to raise critical issues of military repression
in the province and generally about their inability
to govern and total subservience to military
authority in the province. They insisted that the
military had total control of decision making from9
issues of law and order to decisions on mega
projects. They accused political parties of
collaborating with the centre for dampening politics
in the province. The mission concluded from these
conversations that there was no longer any interest
among the provincial political entities in a common
platform to protect and promote interests of
Balochistan within the Federation. This was largely
the result of repeated failures of any initiatives to
remove the ever-increasing sense of victimisation
and deprivation widely prevalent in the province.
The political parties seemed also isolated by their
individual interests.
Denial of control over natural resources as well
as other benefits of development in the province
was the major grievance. There was no support
for the Aghaz-e-Huqooq-e-Balochistan package,
which was announced by the federal government
and approved by parliament. Almost everyone who
met the mission said that the package was
meaningless in the context of the situation in the
province and that even the things promised under
the package had not been delivered. The 5,000
jobs given under the package were also not of much
value as these were one-year contracts and offered
no permanent solution to the acute unemployment
amongst the Baloch youth.
Almost everyone that the mission met said that
the killing of Nawab Akbar Bugti in a military
operation in August 2006 had been the turning
point in Balochistan and that it had led many Baloch
to support the call for independence. The mission
noted in particular the absence of a political
discourse amongst the political elements in the
province. When asked the question, most of the
political groups responded that the environment
of fear was not compatible with any political
discussion. Several political rallies in the recent
past had been fired upon as a measure to repress
political activity. This was a major cause of
underground movements springing up. Some also
stated that the time for politics was over, and now
even within the province there was a polarisation
of views on whether politics in the context of
Pakistan was of any relevance.
iii. Civil society
The mission met with representatives of human
rights and development NGOs, journalists, local
Bar associations, teachersí associations,
academics and religious minorities.
The main issues of concern raised by the civil
society were:
 Enforced disappearances and killings
 Obstacles in the freedom of movement by
the FC, in particular humiliation at the check points
 Surveillance and interrogation of human
rights defenders (HRDs) and NGO workers:
i. Community trainers were under particular
scrutiny
ii. HRD activities were difficult when the community
withdrew engagement out of fear of security and
intelligence agencies
iii. Workshops with participation of foreigners were
not possible without obtaining no-objection
certificate (NOC) from the federal government
iv. Activists attending the funeral of HRD and
HRCP activist Siddique Eido were harassed to the
extent that an FIR was reportedly registered against
some of them on trumped up charges
 Lack of academic freedom, because of a
threatening environment created by both state
agencies and political activists
 Deteriorating educational standards and
lack of facilities for students, especially girls
 Problems faced by teachers included:
i. Political influence in the Education Department
ii. Appointments, postings, promotions determined
not by merit but by political affiliation
iii. A freeze on all increments
iv. Repression of the freedom of association
v. Unheeded demands despite strikes and
protests
vi. Retaliatory action against leaders of teachersí
associations
 Targeting of leadership of youth and
student organisations by the security apparatus in
the province
 Activities of insurgents exacerbating the
climate of fear
 Role of the media
i. The national media had generally neglected10
the situation in Balochistan
ii. When the media did take up the situation there
was a deliberate distortion of the real issues
iii. The regional press and journalists were under
threat and feared both the state agencies and the
nationalist forces
iv. The regional media was silent on womenís
rights issue, particularly on tribal practices that
amount to violence against women
 Issues related to reparation and
compensation for Mirani Dam affectees:
i. Those displaced were still living in camps
ii. Loss of land and livelihoods was yet to be
compensated
iii. No protective measures had been taken
against future inundation of habitations because
of flooding of areas surrounding the dam
iv. There was no support on the issue from the
political parties
v. The media had raised the issue, but the
government had paid no attention
vi. Amenities had been disconnected in the camps
where the affected population continued to live
vii. The Disaster Management Authority had not
responded to the demands of the affectees
Visit to Khuzdar
The mission met journalists, representatives of
religious minority communities, workers and families
of missing persons in Khuzdar district. HRCP District
Core Group Khuzdar arranged a meeting of the
mission with a cross-section of the local community,
in the context of the March 1, 2011 targeted killing
of Naeem Sabir, the HRCP Core Group Coordinator
for Khuzdar. The mission began the visit by
observing silence and offering prayers for Naeem
Sabir at a meeting with members of HRCP District
Core Group Khuzdar and later called upon Naeem
Sabirís family. No headway had been made in
bringing his killers to justice. An organization by
the name of Baloch Musallah Difaía Tanzeem had
claimed responsibility for his murder. The mission
learned that Naeemís brother had also been
receiving death threats.
Enforced disappearances and recovery of dead
bodies
Journalists told the mission that many
individuals who had disappeared had been picked
up from outside courts. People whose relatives had
been disappeared sometimes requested the media
not to report the news for fear that they might also
become victims of enforced disappearance. They
said that bodies of the missing persons had started
turning up in Khuzdar in June 2010. Dead bodies
of three victims of enforced disappearance in the
district had been found between May 1 and 5, 2011.
The people who had managed to lodge cases of
abduction of the missing persons with the police
faced difficulties as dead bodies of
victims of enforced disappearance
were often found in the jurisdiction
of a different police station and the
police that had registered the case
for abduction insisted that the case
for the murder of the missing person
should be registered with the police
station where the dead body had
been found. Around 50 bodies of
victims of enforced disappearance
had been found in Khuzdar in less
than a year. All the dead bodies
showed at least some signs of
torture.
The mission was informed that
Women protest in Quetta against enforced disappearances.11
the typical modus operandi for enforced
disappearance was for the security agenciesí
personnel to stop young men on motorbikes at a
picket where there would be a vehicle with tainted
glasses nearby. If the person/s sitting in that vehicle
identified a person as a suspect, he would be
bundled into the vehicle. Many victims were picked
up from their homes. Initially, the local people
protested against such illegal measures by holding
rallies but stopped doing that after rallies were fired
upon. The mission was informed that an armed
vigilante outfit calling itself the Baloch Musallah
Difaía Tanzeem was openly threatening the people
of murder if they tried to register cases with the
police about disappearances or recovery of dead
bodies of missing persons. They said the threats
were made on the phone by callers who claimed to
be Baloch. However, when addressed in the local
Balochi or Brahavi languages, they reportedly
failed to answer which led the people to believe
that they were not Baloch. Even half-hearted efforts
had not been made by the police to investigate
the cases or even question the accused in cases
where families of the missing persons had
nominated personnel of security agencies for their
relativesí abduction.
Challenges for journalists
Representatives of journalists and officebearers of the Khuzdar Press Club informed the
mission that the situation in the district was very
disturbing and the media was working under
pressure and amid threats from both the authorities
and the insurgent groups. The journalists informed
the mission that the political parties had stayed
silent on peopleís concerns for the last three years.
The media was expected to report facts but both
the authorities and the insurgent groups demanded
that only their version should be given coverage.
Three members of the Khuzdar Press Club had
been killed on account of their work as the situation
had deteriorated, the mission was informed.
Minority communitiesí concerns
Local elders of the Hindu community shared
with the mission their concerns about targeting of
members of their community amid increasing
lawlessness in Balochistan. The mission learned
that Jawahari Lal, a member of the Hindu
community, had gone missing on April 19, 2009
and his whereabouts remained unknown. No one
had claimed responsibility for his abduction or
made any ransom demands. As many as six
members of Jawahari Lalís family, including his
younger sister and mother, had died after he went
Enforced disappearances in Balochistan often came to an
end with recovery of the missing personsí bodies.12
missing. The family had been demanding that if
Jawahari Lal had been killed they at least deserved
to get his body back.
Workersí problems
Trade union leaders informed the mission that
workers in Balochistan were neither paid the
minimum wage nor registered with the Employees
Old-Age Benefit Institution (EOBI). They said the
workers were treated as bonded labour. Even stateowned corporations such as Pakistan Petroleum
Limited, which was engaged in oil exploration in
the province, neither paid full wages to their workers
nor provided them with basic facilities.
Visit to Quetta
Members of the mission at Quetta met
representatives of Bar associations, businessmen
and workers, political parties, doctors, members
of religious minority communities and concerned
individuals.
Enforced disappearances
Lawyers, political activists and journalists
informed the mission that enforced disappearances
and extra-judicial killings had started in the province
after the year 2004. Representatives of the Baloch
Bar Association informed the mission that they had
filed petitions in courts for more than 100 missing
persons. Of those, only 16 persons had been
released. None of the recovered persons had been
presented before the court which had sought their
presence. Instead government law officers had
submitted affidavits of the persons who had been
released and the court had accepted the same as
evidence of their release. Those released as per
affidavits were too scared to file petitions about
their wrongful detention as they had been warned
of the consequence by their tormentors.
A senior member of the Bar, Agha Zahir Shah,
had been ìdisappearedî, reportedly by FC
personnel in Sibi on February 21, 2011. He had
been pursuing cases of disappeared persons.
Earlier on February 13, 2011, his house was raided
in his absence by personnel of FC, Anti-Terrorist
Force (ATF) and police. They had taken away his
younger brother, who is also a lawyer. The mission
learned that the younger brother had been
tortured in detention and later freed. He had initially
not sought any action against his tormentors for
fear that his family might be harmed and
subsequently because he believed that that would
endanger his elder brotherís life.
The lawyers said that there was active
connivance of the state intelligence and security
agencies, including the local police, in enforced
disappearances. Whenever a court was petitioned
in a missing personís case it issued notices,
through the Quetta Capital City Police Officer
(CCPO), who is the top police officer in the
provincial capital, to the security and intelligence
agencies. Subsequently on the courtís query the
CCPO would inform the court that no reply had
been received from the agencies. In a stereotype
reply the investigation officer would submit that
military officials had verbally refused to join the
investigation and the police lacked the capacity to
force them to comply.
The lawyers felt that the courts had abdicated
their responsibility and jurisdiction by failing to
ensure compliance with their orders. They stated
that the courtsí orders were being ignored by military
and paramilitary forces, which the lawyers blamed
for the spread of ìblatant anarchyî. They said that
throwing dead bodies of the disappeared persons
in deserted areas was a vile method of making the
habeas corpus petitions seeking their recovery
infructuous. They felt that only ethnic Baloch were
being targeted in incidents of enforced
disappearance in the province and none of the
disappeared was a ìsettlerî. The lawyers said that
the frequency of dead bodies of disappeared
persons turning up by the roadside and in deserted
places in the province had increased recently. They
said that the disappeared youth now ìreappearedî
as dead bodies within days of their abduction.
A medical doctor told the mission that his
brother, Shamsuddin, a former nazim (elected
administrator) of Khuzdar tehsil, was taking their
ailing mother to Quetta on July 1, 2010 in an
ambulance when FC personnel stopped the
ambulance at Mian Ghundiís first check post at
around 7:30 pm. They asked Shamsuddin to come
out and checked his mobile phone. After around13
15 minutes, an army vehicle with tinted glasses
reached there. Four armed men in plain clothes
came out and asked Shamsuddin to accompany
them, ignoring his motherís pleas that she was
seriously ill and that he should be allowed to
accompany her. All this happened very close to
the Saryab Police Post. When Shamsuddinís
mother reached the home of one of her sons in
Quetta, she told him about what had happened.
For three days Shamsuddinís family tried to lodge
an FIR but the police did not comply. The doctor
told the mission that he had also appeared before
the Commission of Inquiry on Enforced
Disappearances, which had asked the Joint
Investigation Committee (JIT) with the CCPO, DIG
Operations and an FC officer to enquire into the
matter. He stated that the JIT had acknowledged
that Shamsuddin was abducted from the place cited
by the family but added that it could not be
established that those who picked him up were FC
personnel. He told the mission that in November
2010 their house was raided and another of his
brothers was taken away on charges of possession
of illegal weapons. He stated that his family had
received threats throughout this period and had
been asked not to pursue the case of Shamsuddin.
Shamsuddinís brother, who had been arrested in
November 2010, was granted bail on March 4, 2011.
Many people that the mission met, including
lawyersí representatives, said that they feared that
an attempt was being made to blame the Baloch
for the killing of Pashtuns in Baloch-dominated
areas.
Political viewpoints
The mission met with representatives of political
parties in Quetta. These included:
 Awami National Party
 Balochistan National Party
 Jamaat-e-Islami
 Jamhoori Watan Party
 National Party
 Pakhtunkhwa Milli Awami Party
All the political parties that met the mission
expressed serious concern over not only the stateís
inability to protect the right to life and liberty of the
citizens but also the role of official security agencies
in violation of the same rights, mainly through
enforced disappearances and subsequent
recovery of bodies of missing persons.
Leaders of the Pakhtunkhwa Milli Awami Party
(PkMAP) gave a detailed account of the history of
the Pashtun and Baloch people in Balochistan. The
party emphasised that the Pashtun and Baloch had
distinct identities and should have equal status in
all respects in the province, including
representation in the provincial and national
legislatures. They rejected the notion that Pashtun
Afghan nationals had been given Pakistani
citizenship or had settled in Balochistan with the
help of PkMAP. The party felt that the Pashtun were
The HRCP mission meets human rights defenders from Balochistan.14
being discriminated against in the province and
claimed that out of the 5,000 teachers employed
in Balochistan under the Aaghaz-e-Huqooq-eBalochistan package a mere 10 percent were
Pashtun although Pashtuns met the eligibility
criteria on merit and were unemployed. A common
complaint was lack of observance of merit in any
recruitment, under the Balochistan package or
otherwise. A large number of educational
institutions, including Degree College Quetta,
remained closed in Balochistan for months and
leaders of the PkMAP said that now there were
more madrassas in Quetta than conventional
schools. They stated that rule of law was absent in
the province and the official agencies which were
supposed to protect the people were involved in
or patronised terrorism, kidnappings for ransom,
drug peddling, extortion and other heinous crimes.
There was a general lack of faith in courts,
specifically that they had failed to perform their
duties and that the judiciary acted as the
intelligence services desired. The mission was
informed by the political leaders that the political
parties in Balochistan had formed a coordination
committee in Quetta to look into the problems of
the people living in Balochistan.
Leaders of the National Party informed the
mission that thousands of Baloch had been
displaced on account of actions by the state
agencies. They said that many of the disappeared
persons had been killed and around 130 bodies
had been found from various parts of the province.
Several bodies also bore torture marks and some
were disfigured. They said that in early 2009 two
persons who had opened fire in Mastung in an
apparent bid to kill a teacher were nabbed by the
people on the scene and handed over to the police.
An FIR was registered against the two. They
claimed that the two men carried service cards of
an intelligence agency. After a few hours they were
reportedly taken away from the police station by
military personnel. They highlighted that the
provincial advocate general had informed the court
that they were helpless in the matter of the missing
persons.
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